==…

a)Stephen Hawking, book: "The theory of everything. Fifthlecture."

" . . . . the universe must have a beginning, and that this beginning

must be described in terms of quantum theory."

"When one goes back to the real time in which we live, however,

there will still appear to be singularities. The poor astronaut who falls

into a black hole . . . . could live in imaginary time, that he would

encounter no singularities."

"This might suggest that the so-called

__imaginary time is really the__

fundamental time,and that we call real time is something we create

fundamental time,

just in our minds. In real time, the universe has a beginning and

an end at singularities that form a boundary to space-time and at which

the laws of science break down. But in imaginary time, there are

no singularities or boundaries. So maybe what we call

__imaginary time__

is really more basic,and what we call real time is justan idea that we

is really more basic,

invent to help us describe what we think the universe is like."

/ page 91/

So.

The real time in which we live has singularities.

But imaginary time without singularities or

__boundaries " is really the__

fundamental time", " is really more basic. "

fundamental time", " is really more basic. "

b)Einstein /Minkowski.

It was Einstein who first in 1905 introduced imaginary time in SRT.

In 1908 Minkowski changed imaginary time into 4D and said:

“ Henceforth, space by itself, and time by itself, are doomed to fade away

into mere shadows, and only a kind of union of the two

will preserve an independent reality.”

So.

" space by itself, and time by itself"the real space andtime in which

we liveare "shadows" . . . ." and only a kind of union of the two

(

__on the basis ofimaginary time__)will preserve an independent reality.” ==..

My solution.

An imaginary time means Eternal Time.

The black hole is eternal zero vacuum (T=0K) continuum.

The 4D is eternal zero vacuum (T=0K) continuum.

Space by itself (gravity-space)and Time (gravity-time) by itself

are secondary: made out from the eternal zero vacuum (T=0K)

through singularity / vacuum fluctuation-transformation.

===…

Best wishes.

Israel Sadovnik Socratus

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