Transistor DC Operating Point Simulation in LT Spice - Help Needed


Joined Feb 24, 2006
The DC operating point establishes the initial conditions of the simulation. It asks what happens to the circuit if nothing is changing.
It establishes voltages:
Vc -- The voltage on the collector
Vb -- The voltage on the base
Ve -- The voltage on the emitter

The spice command .op replaces the .tran command, and the results are in the error log.


Joined Mar 14, 2008
That circuit is not a good example for real-life transistor biasing since it depends upon the Beta (current-gain) of the transistor, which often varies over a 3:1 range, even for transistors of the same model.
Normally some negative feedback is used to stabilize the bias point.

Audioguru again

Joined Oct 21, 2019
You need to learn how to read a datasheet and to learn how a transistor works.
The transistor is severely saturated. I was taught to NEVER bias a transistor like that.



Joined Jun 5, 2013
Depends on what the TS is trying to do. If he wants to see the operating point of a saturating switch that is controlling 9mA at 9V, then it is quite correct.



Joined Mar 30, 2015
Could anyone help to understand the DC Operation point analysis of transistor in LT Spice ?
That's kind of like using a calculator to add 200+200.

Base current will be about half a mA and will be sufficient to saturate the transistor with a 9mA collector current. Collector voltage will be close to 0V. Did all of the calculations in my head.

Thread Starter


Joined Jan 17, 2016
hi Mishra,
You asked about BJT , DC operating point using LTSpice.
This sim will give a good indication of the Q point.
The sim of your circuit with the fixed 3.3v DC input is not a viable design for an amplifier.
Thanks for simulation reply !
How can i see/decide Q point in simulation as below wiki.

Thread Starter


Joined Jan 17, 2016
hi m,
Look at this marked up image, the colour plots are synchronised in time.

Tell me why I have chosen the ringed operating point for the circuit.?
Thanks for pointing out the question and sorry for delay reply !

My understanding for attached circuit is as per below :
1. The operating V(vc) is at Vcc/2
2. Ic(Q1) is at Ic(max)/2
3. V(vb) is at max Vbe.

So my understanding is now to choose Q point at Vcc/2 to have faithful amplification.

Shiv Mishra


Joined Jan 29, 2010
hi mishra,
The Collector load line is normally drawn from the maximum possible Collector current [ determined mostly by the value of the load resistor] to the minimum load current.
As you say the 'Q' point is usually approx Vcc/2, but you should also consider the effect of the Emitter voltage, if there is an Emitter to 0V resistor. (Vcc-Ve]/2
You want the maximum possible Collector voltage swing without any signal clipping.

Audioguru again

Joined Oct 21, 2019
Usually the transistor is biased so that the collector DC voltage is set at half the supply voltage for maximum output voltage swing without clipping.
But my simulations show that it cannot be done when the transistor has a high voltage gain caused by no negative feedback.