How to choice power supply for devices?

Discussion in 'Power Electronics' started by seihalong, Jan 28, 2018.

  1. seihalong

    Thread Starter New Member

    Jan 28, 2018
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    Excuse me, I need a power supply for my devices, but don't know how to choices to appropriate with these devices. Can you help me? How to calculate
    to find voltage and ampere of a power supply for these devices?

    My device number 1: 12V and 0.25A, device number 2: 12V and 4.5A, device number 3: 12V and 4.5A.
     
  2. ericgibbs

    Moderator

    Jan 29, 2010
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    1,131
    hi seil
    Welcome to AAC
    The basic PSU would be 12V at 10 Amps.
    What are the three different devices being powered.?
    E
     
  3. seihalong

    Thread Starter New Member

    Jan 28, 2018
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    Thank you for your respond. These devices are one of cooling fan and two of Thermoelectric Peltier chip. Excuse me, can you tell me how to calculate it for the result?
     
  4. ericgibbs

    Moderator

    Jan 29, 2010
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    hi,
    To calculate the result, as all the Voltages are 12 Volts, just add the Amps together 4.5A + 4.5A + 0.25A = 9.25Amps.

    The nearest standard power supply would be 12V at 10Amps.
     
  5. KeepItSimpleStupid

    Distinguished Member

    Mar 4, 2014
    2,871
    505
    This is where location helps a little. One can interpret your question as 3 different supplies or one for all of them.

    Your output is 12 V. Some supplies are unregulated. Some switchmode and some linear (heavy, low noise, wastes power)

    The current just needs to be greater than the sum (0.25+2*4.5)=9.25 Amps; So you need >10 A; 10 A would be a common value.

    Stuff with motors is tricky, but a small fan should not be a problem.
     
  6. seihalong

    Thread Starter New Member

    Jan 28, 2018
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    Thank you everybody for your knowledge, but I have additional questions as well if one or two of these devices has been removed, how does this affect other devices?
     
  7. ericgibbs

    Moderator

    Jan 29, 2010
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    It will have no effect, the connected devices will only draw the current/Amps from the power supply, they need to operate.
     
  8. seihalong

    Thread Starter New Member

    Jan 28, 2018
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    Can overflow ampere for the device and then damage?
     
  9. ericgibbs

    Moderator

    Jan 29, 2010
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    No, a device will only use the current it needs to work.
    Think about your house lights at home, you can plug in a 40Watt or a 100Watt lamp, both will only use the current they need to work.

    E
     
  10. seihalong

    Thread Starter New Member

    Jan 28, 2018
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    Now I understood and I will remember this knowledge. Thank you so much!
     
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