# Do flip flops oscillate when you write the same value to it?

#### PauloConstantino

Joined Jun 23, 2016
266
Hey friends,

this question has come to mind.... If you write the same value to a flip flop, say a D flip flop, in between clock cycles, will the output Q oscillate or will it remain constant like a rock ?

#### crutschow

Joined Mar 14, 2008
25,270
If the D input stays constant then so will the output (like a rock) at the next clock pulse.

#### PauloConstantino

Joined Jun 23, 2016
266
If the D input stays constant then so will the output (like a rock) at the next clock pulse.

Fantastic thank you!

#### hp1729

Joined Nov 23, 2015
2,304
Hey friends,

this question has come to mind.... If you write the same value to a flip flop, say a D flip flop, in between clock cycles, will the output Q oscillate or will it remain constant like a rock ?

Usually, yes, it should stay the same. There are exceptions. Some circuits will toggle on each clock pulse. A J-K flip flop with both inputs high, will toggle on each clock pulse.

#### PauloConstantino

Joined Jun 23, 2016
266
Usually, yes, it should stay the same. There are exceptions. Some circuits will toggle on each clock pulse. A J-K flip flop with both inputs high, will toggle on each clock pulse.

Indeed... Are flip flops made with latches ? Or can they be made differently ? Because as far as I know SR latches will remain constant if you apply the same input many times. So If flops are made of latches then they certainly will hold their values and not oscillate. Oscillation is such a drag

#### crutschow

Joined Mar 14, 2008
25,270
Yes, flip-flops are made with latches.

#### ErnieM

Joined Apr 24, 2011
8,053
ANY gate's output will remain constant as long as the inputs don't change.

A flip flop can do that even if the inputs do change.

#### EM Fields

Joined Jun 8, 2016
583
Hey friends,

this question has come to mind.... If you write the same value to a flip flop, say a D flip flop, in between clock cycles, will the output Q oscillate or will it remain constant like a rock ?

It doesn't matter what value you write to the D input of a "D" type flip-flop between clocks, the output will remain rock-solid until the next clock, and then it'll only change if the input was different from the output immediately prior to the clock. Like this:

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#### hp1729

Joined Nov 23, 2015
2,304
Indeed... Are flip flops made with latches ? Or can they be made differently ? Because as far as I know SR latches will remain constant if you apply the same input many times. So If flops are made of latches then they certainly will hold their values and not oscillate. Oscillation is such a drag
Latches and flip flops are made from gates so anything is possible. Google J-K Master-Slave flip flops. Download some data sheets for 7473, 7476, 74107 and such.
www.alldatasheet.com is a good site.

#### andrewmm

Joined Feb 25, 2011
537
and your using off the shelf ones, not making your own out of gates
and you meet the set up and hold times,
and you aren't using the S/R type inputs, then output rock solid.

If your failing the setup / hold times, then the output can toggle a few times till it settles,
but if I read your question right then you have static input,

#### EM Fields

Joined Jun 8, 2016
583
Latches and flip flops are made from gates so anything is possible. Google J-K Master-Slave flip flops. Download some data sheets for 7473, 7476, 74107 and such.
www.alldatasheet.com is a good site.
For a "D" type flip-flop, a 74HC74 is probably a good place to start

#### WBahn

Joined Mar 31, 2012
26,076
ANY gate's output will remain constant as long as the inputs don't change.

A flip flop can do that even if the inputs do change.
But a flip flop's output can also change even if the inputs remain constant. Consider the T-type flip flop or a JK with both inputs tied high.

#### ErnieM

Joined Apr 24, 2011
8,053
But a flip flop's output can also change even if the inputs remain constant. Consider the T-type flip flop or a JK with both inputs tied high.
"Can" does not mean "must."

#### WBahn

Joined Mar 31, 2012
26,076
"Can" does not mean "must."
That wasn't the point. The claim was that ANY gate's output WILL remain constant as long as the inputs don't change.

Of course, the fine print is what is considered a "gate" -- if you mean it to be a purely combinatorial logic element, then this is true. If it is more general and applies to any logic circuit that can be put into a black box, then it isn't. You can find definitions that favor both viewpoints.

#### hp1729

Joined Nov 23, 2015
2,304
General comments are inconclusive. Many results are possible. so, getting specific ...

D-type latch. Writing the same thing to it the outputs stay the same.
"T" type. The flip flop toggles with each clock.
"J-K" type. With both inputs high the output will toggle with each clock.
"S-R". No clock.
"Transparent" latch. No toggling if the input stays constant.
None will "oscillate". Oscillate implies a free running condition. Outputs can toggle but this is not oscillation ... is it?
Counters made of latches or flip flops toggle with clock pulses accomplishing frequency division of the clocks, but is this really "oscillation"?
.

#### GopherT

Joined Nov 23, 2012
8,012
That wasn't the point. The claim was that ANY gate's output WILL remain constant as long as the inputs don't change.

You are telling the OP how to do the opposite of what he is asking then you claim, "that's not the point!"?

Really? Please stop trying to confuse OPs

#### WBahn

Joined Mar 31, 2012
26,076
You are telling the OP how to do the opposite of what he is asking then you claim, "that's not the point!"?

Really? Please stop trying to confuse OPs
I see you are once again up to your childish baiting games. If you would bother to actually read you would see that that response was not directed at the OP.

#### EM Fields

Joined Jun 8, 2016
583
Indeed... Are flip flops made with latches ? Or can they be made differently ? Because as far as I know SR latches will remain constant if you apply the same input many times. So If flops are made of latches then they certainly will hold their values and not oscillate. Oscillation is such a drag
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flip-flop_(electronics)

#### GopherT

Joined Nov 23, 2012
8,012
I see you are once again up to your childish baiting games. If you would bother to actually read you would see that that response was not directed at the OP.
Ok, sorry. Let me change my comment then. Please stop trying to confuse the OP with answers that are exactly the opposite of what they were looking for.

#### EM Fields

Joined Jun 8, 2016
583
But a flip flop's output can also change even if the inputs remain constant. Consider the T-type flip flop or a JK with both inputs tied high.
Strictly speaking, the clock signal is an input, so if it never changes (that is, if its voltage remains constant) the device's output(s) will never change.

Consequently, "But a flip flop's output can also change even if the inputs remain constant." is technically incorrect.