# Series opposing voltage sources

#### gorgondrak

Joined Nov 17, 2014
61

This is from the AC book chapter 10.
I am having trouble understanding how 2 series opposing ac voltage sources can add to 240 volts.

#### Bordodynov

Joined May 20, 2015
2,745
See

#### Bordodynov

Joined May 20, 2015
2,745
Not -120 /180°→ 120 /180°

#### gorgondrak

Joined Nov 17, 2014
61
A 180 degree phase shift would put them series opposing.

#### gorgondrak

Joined Nov 17, 2014
61
The graphic you've shown shows two AC voltages that add to give a positive voltage. However, one of them is greater than the other making the difference between the two a positive number. In the book the same phase shift is shown, but the voltages are equal in value which should give no difference between them and no voltage. Am I missing something?

#### Veracohr

Joined Jan 3, 2011
738
The bottom source has 180 degrees phase shift but also opposite polarity, so it's the same as the top source. Think of the phase as "internal" to the signal generator within the source and the +/- polarity as an "output" polarity of the source.

#### Bordodynov

Joined May 20, 2015
2,745
Rotating element (source) in the scheme does not change the magnitude and phase.
And in the tabs (formulas) changed sign. This is mistake.