Resistor fuse for AC 220V circuit (melf)

Thread Starter

aja_augus

Joined Aug 25, 2020
5
Hi,

I have seen in some ballast designs, they use 0.5W/2Ohm resistor (F1),... It is 24 W light. I want to use the same in SMD. How to chose the fusible resistor?
1/2 watt 5Ohm resistor can be used? in 220VAC circuit?
1598343821182.png

F1 is THD
 

Hymie

Joined Mar 30, 2018
1,088
In normal operation the circuit current will be just over 100mA resulting in a resistor power dissipation of less than 0.025W. However under short circuit fault conditions the resistor could pass in excess of 100A, which it might not be able to withstand.

I would advise the use of a fusible resistor of at least 10 ohm, which would limit the maximum fault current to less than 25A. Even with a 10 ohm resistor the normal power dissipation would be less than 0.125W. At 20 ohm the normal power dissipation would be less than 0.25W and the maximum fault current 11A.
 

Thread Starter

aja_augus

Joined Aug 25, 2020
5
Hi Thank you for the feedback...
I used 5 Ohm 1/2 watt melf...
1598422012589.png
I expected 300V peak at 5 Ohm also... But it was only (P*R)^1/2 so, 1.58V and 0.316A rated...
Our total load current will be less than 2A...
 

MisterBill2

Joined Jan 23, 2018
12,745
In normal operation the circuit current will be just over 100mA resulting in a resistor power dissipation of less than 0.025W. However under short circuit fault conditions the resistor could pass in excess of 100A, which it might not be able to withstand.

I would advise the use of a fusible resistor of at least 10 ohm, which would limit the maximum fault current to less than 25A. Even with a 10 ohm resistor the normal power dissipation would be less than 0.125W. At 20 ohm the normal power dissipation would be less than 0.25W and the maximum fault current 11A.
The whole purpose of a fuse resistor IS TO FAIL with a massive overload. The resistor is cheaper than a fuse is why they are used. Usually that is for consumer junk that will never be repaired if the fuse fails. The choice of the resistor is that with normal operation the power heating the resistor should be far less than the rating, and with any anticipated failure the current should be enough to dissipate at least 10x the rated power in the resistor.
 
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