# Injected current for current mirror

Discussion in 'General Electronics Chat' started by anhnha, Jun 2, 2016.

1. ### anhnha Thread Starter Well-Known Member

Apr 19, 2012
866
61
For the circuit below as the injected current equal to -1uA the current through M4 is 1uA and there is no current through M2.
What I am confused is why there is not a case that M4 current is 2uA and M2 current is 1uA and it still satisfies KCL law.

2. ### crutschow Expert

Mar 14, 2008
22,238
6,487
Because, although it will still satisfy KLC, M4 wouldn't be a current-mirror any more since it wouldn't be carrying the same current as M3 (which is the definition of a current mirror).

3. ### AlbertHall AAC Fanatic!

Jun 4, 2014
7,786
1,916
Looking out of the other eye, M3 sets the gate-source voltage of M4 for 1uA so whatever the drain voltage the current can't be more than 1uA.

anhnha likes this.
4. ### WBahn Moderator

Mar 31, 2012
24,246
7,558
Sure it can. A simple mirror like this has very poor output impedance so as you increase the voltage drop across the source-drain terminals of the reflector transistor above that of the generator transistor, the current in the reflector will increase above the reference current.

anhnha likes this.
5. ### WBahn Moderator

Mar 31, 2012
24,246
7,558
The current flowing in M4 will be determined by the gate-source voltage and the drain-source voltage. The gate-source voltage is fixed by M3 to a value that is consistent with 1 uA in M4 when the drain-source voltage of M2 is about a threshold voltage drop (since M1 is diode-connected). In order to get more current out ofM4, the voltage across M4 must go up meaning that the voltage across M2 has to go down and, hence, the current in M2 has to go down.

In a real circuit, you would expect the current in M4 to increase slightly and for there still to be a bit of current in M2, but the "ideal" answer will be close enough for many applications.

anhnha likes this.
6. ### anhnha Thread Starter Well-Known Member

Apr 19, 2012
866
61
Thanks for the replies.

M4 gate voltage is fixed but how about source voltage? Why Vgs is fixed here?
Let's assume that M2 current is 1uA so Vds2 = Vgs2 = Vgs1 = constant.
So Vgs4 is fixed and for M4 current to be 2uA, we can increase Vds4 by increasing VDD until the current is 2uA.
Why it is wrong here?

Last edited: Jun 3, 2016
7. ### hp1729 Well-Known Member

Nov 23, 2015
2,304
284
Most interesting. I must have something to learn here. I am used to seeing the injected signal going to the other side (with the collector-base or drain-gate connected together).

May 20, 2015
2,244
689
See

File size:
3.2 KB
Views:
0
9. ### Tonyr1084 Distinguished Member

Sep 24, 2015
3,230
826
Am I missing something? You have a 1µA (Ibref) and you're injecting a -1µA current; doesn't 1 + (-1) = 0 ? ? ?

10. ### WBahn Moderator

Mar 31, 2012
24,246
7,558
What the TS is asking about is why can't the resulting currents in M4 and M2 be ANY pair of currents such that I_M4 is 1 uA greater than I_M2.

11. ### Bordodynov Well-Known Member

May 20, 2015
2,244
689
I drew a diagram as in the original. Arrow shows up. The minus sign changes the direction of the current. Those. Current flows down. 1ua+1uA=2uA.