Nuclear fusion?Welcome to AAC.
Have you considered what happens when the op-amp output is clamped to ground as shown?
You are right. In the case of an ideal opamp.Let's assume an ideal opamp in this circuit.
R2A is 100 ohm resistor and my question is .. how does R2A affect this circuit?
Being an ideal opamp and negatively feedback .. V+=V- and therefore no current flows on R2A (zero voltage drop).
Am I wrong?
View attachment 292060
Not if the output is grounded.You are right. In the case of an ideal opamp.
Indeed. I missed that.Not if the output is grounded.
The output is 0V ... not ground. I've just realised this detail.If both input terminals of the opamp are at the same potential, then no current will flow in resistor R2A. That is just a simple application of Ohm's law. What did you expect?
It definitely does. If the op-amp output is held at 0V it can't do its job to provide negative feedback to minimise the voltage difference between the inverting and non-inverting inputs.But still I don't think it changes things
So - one could/should ask "what is the purpose of this resistor"?The output is 0V ... not ground. I've just realised this detail.
But still I don't think it changes things, so R2A= 100 ohms I don't consider it in the circuit
So - one could/should ask "what is the purpose of this resistor"?
Is there any purpose? The answer is YES.
This resistor has no significant influence on the closed-loop gain.
However, it drastically reduces the feedback factor and, hence, the loop gain because we have to consider R1B||R2A.
In most cases, this resistor R2A is used together with a series capacitor Cs - so that it has no influence on DC feedback.
This loop gain reduction (with a capacitor Cs for higher frequencies only) improves the stability margin.
It definitely does. If the op-amp output is held at 0V it can't do its job to provide negative feedback to minimise the voltage difference between the inverting and non-inverting inputs.
So, in your opinion, the 'negligibility' of R2A is not due to the fact that V+=V- (ideal opamp with negative feedback) and therefore the current flowing on R2A is zero?Sometimes just redrawing the circuit can make certain things obvious, as shown here the op amp is clearly showing it is doing nothing:
View attachment 292226
Because R1B and R3A are at least 100 times greater in value than R2A, we can say the the voltage drop across R2A is negligible and the voltage at point A with respect to ground is just -5V and the current through R3A is then -5V/20K or -250 microamps. The current in R1B then is just (-5V- (-6V))/10K or +100 microamps. The current then through R2A is just the sum of the two or -150 microamps. That is an approximation but close enough for most situations.
But this isn't what you have. If the opamp output is always 0V there can be NO feedback, positive or negative. So V+ and V- can be different.the fact that V+=V- (ideal opamp with negative feedback)
I prefer not to look at it as V+=V- in an ideal op-amp with negative feedback but that the op-amp will set the output voltage to whatever is needed (limited to the power supply rails at best) to 'drive' V+ to equal V-. This distinction is critical and helps with the understanding of any op-amp with negative feedback. In other words you can ask in such an op-amp circuit, what voltage must I set the output to in order to make V+=V-? That is what the op-amp will try to do if and only if there is negative feedback. During analysis you can take this 'backwards' by setting V+=V- and then using ohms law, Kirchhoff's voltage law, etc. to calculate what output voltage will accomplish that goal. That solution is then the transfer function of the circuit.So, in your opinion, the 'negligibility' of R2A is not due to the fact that V+=V- (ideal opamp with negative feedback) and therefore the current flowing on R2A is zero?
Because your explanation is quite different from the one I just wrote. I agree with what you said, but I still don't understand if it is right or wrong my reasoning of V+=V- etc.
An example of what I mean from my previous post may make it more concrete. Consider the following circuit that I just made up:So, in your opinion, the 'negligibility' of R2A is not due to the fact that V+=V- (ideal opamp with negative feedback) and therefore the current flowing on R2A is zero?
Because your explanation is quite different from the one I just wrote. I agree with what you said, but I still don't understand if it is right or wrong my reasoning of V+=V- etc.
If all components are ideal, including everything being noiseless, you are right -nothing happens!Let's assume an ideal opamp in this circuit.
R2A is 100 ohm resistor and my question is .. how does R2A affect this circuit?
Being an ideal opamp and negatively feedback .. V+=V- and therefore no current flows on R2A (zero voltage drop).
Am I wrong?
View attachment 292060
Very interesting this point of view, I hadn't thought about it.what voltage must I set the output to in order to make V+=V-?
You are correct. If there is 'something' not allowing the op amp to operate holding the output at 3V then the equality is violated. But in that situation the gain is no longer -21 but just a constant 3V regardless of the input voltage. In other words the output voltage would be independent of the input voltage. But really this is a mote point because a real circuit would never operate that way.Very interesting this point of view, I hadn't thought about it.
I also understood your example in post #17.
I would like to go back to my exercise for a moment, correct me if I am wrong.
I have the circuit I posted (at the beginning) that I want to solve with calculations, as I reported. If the feedback is negative, I can assume that V+=V- as long as Vo "allows" it (i.e., all your reasoning you explained).
Now, this exercise was given to me by a professor some time ago so I assume it works, but it may not always be true? In other words, the key point of the argument is that, in general, it is not enough to state "negative feedback .. okey V+=V-" ... but the opamp has to make sure that Vo allows for such equality V+=V-.
If I were faced with a circuit like yours where Vi=0.1V .. the gain is 21 (as calculated) but the output is fixed at 3V (and not -2.1V) .. then the equality V+=V- would no longer be true ? Am I wrong?
by Duane Benson
by Aaron Carman
by Aaron Carman