Counting down with odd number only. Hint please

Thread Starter

IcyIcy

Joined Nov 17, 2012
32
Hi

I have an assignment that required me to count down from 9 to 0 with odd number only on the 7 segment.
Meaning 9 , 7 , 5 , 3, 1, 0.
Then part 2 , I am required to count down from 5 to 0 then it will repeat itself but start from 9 to 0.
Meaning 5 , 3 , 1, 0 , 9 , 7 , 5 , 3, 1, 0.

Currently I can count down from 9 to 0. Any hint on how I can proceed.
 

tshuck

Joined Oct 18, 2012
3,527
Hi

I have an assignment that required me to count down from 9 to 0 with odd number only on the 7 segment.
Meaning 9 , 7 , 5 , 3, 1, 0.
Then part 2 , I am required to count down from 5 to 0 then it will repeat itself but start from 9 to 0.
Meaning 5 , 3 , 1, 0 , 9 , 7 , 5 , 3, 1, 0.

Currently I can count down from 9 to 0. Any hint on how I can proceed.
As I asked in your previous post on the matter, can you see the difference between even and odd numbers in binary?

If not, write out the count sequence in a state table and determine which of those counts should be displayed and put a 1 in that box, then simplify the logic through a simplification technique (e.g. Boolean algebra, K-maps, Quine-McCluskey, etc.).
 

MrCarlos

Joined Jan 2, 2010
400
Hello icyicy

But what ICs are You using to make these counters ?
Those that could help You would be the ICs 74LS191 or 73LS190.

I do not know how is your counter but let me assume that you are using the 74LS190.
No problem with it because it is a decade counter. only counts from 0 to 9 upwards and downwards.
If you want to count downward from 5 to 0, you must detect when it reaches 6 Dec, 0110 Bin, and in that instant reset to 5.

You can also use the 74LS191 and -the mechanics to make the counters- is the same as I mentioned.
These come in the document attached to you

To show only odd numbers is another story.
 

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MikeML

Joined Oct 2, 2009
5,444
...
If you want to count downward from 5 to 0, you must detect when it reaches 6 Dec, 0110 Bin, and in that instant reset to 5.
I think that sentence should read UPWARD.

There are two ways of doing this:

Build an up-counter that changes from 5 to 6 on a clock edge, and then add decoder logic to recognize the (temporary) 6 state, and then have the decoder asynchronously reset all of the state flip-flops to zero. This method creates a "glitch", where the state flip-flops are actually in state 6 for a few gate delays before being reset to the correct state...

Build an up-counter that decodes state 5 as soon as the counter transitions to that state. The decoding logic sets the Next State steering logic on the inputs of the state flip-flops such that they transition synchronoulsly from state 5 to state 0 on the next clock edge. This avoids the intermediate glitch state... The latter is the "correct", "clean" way of doing this...

If building a down-counter that has to transition from state o to state 5, you either have to allow the counter to go to -1 ( or 15 or 1111) and then force it to state 5 after the fact. Or you decode state 0 and then set the input streering logic so that the counter transitions from state 0 directly to state 5 on a clock edge.
 
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