Say there are 3 buses of:
Bus 1: Slack bus with a voltage source of E=1.0 and phase of 0°
Bus 2: a generator and a load.
Bus 3: a load.
The line impedance are given below:
z12 = 0.05 + j0.1
z13 = 0.02 + j0.05
z23 = j0.05
z11 = -j100
z22 = infinity
z33 = -j40
The generators and loads are given...
I have a problem with approaching a university project, which aim is to detect the phase drifts (difference, deviation) between a mains supply voltage and either an internal reference and externally input reference signal. The system should be micro-controller based (MSP430)...
I am new to hardware design. I am designing measurement circuit for Impedance Spectroscopy of electrochemistry cell. I need to measure the current coming from electrodes which have range from few milliamperes to few nanoamperes. as literature suggested, the equivalent circuit for...