1. T

    What does PT1,PT2,PT3 in Control loop means?

    Hello , I always hear Germansengineer use the term PT1,PT2 and PT3 to describe a controller (alternative to PID). I am trying to find their names in English so I can study them. is there any document in English that explain them? Thanks
  2. busevaran

    Trying to control a motor speed with a PID circuit.

    Hi everyone! I'm Buse. I'm trying to control a motor speed for a personal project. You can find the schematic of the circuit I found on a book. This circuit works with only the PID parts contrcuted. My problem start when I add the other parts. For example, U1 opamp (top left) is supposed to...
  3. E

    Trying to design an audio circuit with a carbon single button microphone so that I can output the audio into a PC

    So I recently purchased a 285W western electric transmitter as I'm trying to more or less make a microphone that can plug into a computer which uses a carbon button microphone from the early 20th century. I have little education in circuit design, though I know enough to know I probably made...
  4. D

    LED Controller PCB Design Feedback/Suggestions Request

    Hi there, Main Question I'm hoping to get some feedback on this PCB design and the overall design, because this my first real electronics project. Also, I have several questions about feedback I received on ESE. Background I'm aiming to make an instrument for my brother, and since I've been...
  5. H

    Finding the closed loop gain expression

    Hi! thanks in advance for the help. I'm trying to solve this exercice for school but a really can't seem to get it right. I get really confused when that VDD apperas and can't identify the feedback mesh Here is what i think it is: But then again i'm not sure if that vdd or that resistor...
  6. T

    I cannot understand why oscillations happens at gain less than 1?

    Hello Everyone, As I am reading the book of Op Amp for Everyone, chapter feedback theory. I come across this paragraph that I could not understand well: Stability is determined by the loop gain, and when Aβ = –1 = |1| ∠–180° instability or oscillation occurs. If the magnitude of the gain exceeds...
  7. Z

    PIC- making potentiometer match second potentiometer not working

    I'm tryng to make a DC motor into a servo motor. The motor axle has a gear that is in sync with a gear on a potentiometer (MOTORPOT in the code) and I have another potentiometer that works as an input that the motor potentiometer should match in position however I set this pot(CONTROLPOT in...
  8. V

    Understanding the significance of a few passive components

    Hello all, I'm currently doing some work on a piece of equipment which has been in my work's storage cupboard for about 8 years. On said piece of kit was this PCB that has seen better days (picture attached). I can't find any paperwork for it and it doesn't appear on any of my electrical...
  9. H

    Current Sensing Circuit for ASIC Evaluation Board

    Dear Team, I need to design a current sensing circuit for one of my ASIC evaluation board. The ASIC will take the current from 0.5mA to 1mA from a 1.8V Supply. Whatever the current it is taking voltage at Vout should remain constant at 1.8V. Please see the attached circuit . The 1.8V supply is...
  10. D

    Full Bridge DC-DC Converter - Closed Loop Compensation

    Hi everyone, I'm trying to make a 48V to 400V full bridge dc-dc converter and I'm using SG3525 as pwm IC. The question is; should I apply my 2-pole 2-zero compensation to the error amplifier on sg3525 or build a type-3 compensation on feedback part with tl431. (you can advise another method if...