Why is the velocity of emission constant? (light and radio waves) Emission is stubbornly constant. Even if you accelerate the source of emission to close to the speed of light, whether it be a particle or star, the velocity of the emitted wave remains constant. You can put a light source at absolute zero or in the center of a star.......emission remains constant. Even in the high gravitational field of our sun, V of light is constant. How the sam hill can that be? What magic is this? The only way science can explain this is with abstract math and allowing constants to change. (time, distance) Some idiots actually believe that the point of view, (or even looking).....changes the process. It only changes measurements, not process. We usually denote the velocity of light as small c. Who came up with that and why didn't they call it small l. (L) It's because Weber was not measuring the speed of light, he was measuring the electric/magnetic ratio of charge. Charge has an electric field around it. Now when we move that charge, a magnetic field will develop around it, like the electric field. This magnetic field will grow with the increase in velocity. With his experiments he determined that this velocity needed to be 3E8 meters per sec., 3 times 10 to the eighth power, for the magnetic to grow equal to the electric. This is the equalizing velocity of charge. He called it small c for CHARGE. It was latter, that when actuate light measurements were made, that it was realized the light had the same velocity that equalized charge has. c for charge The raw charge that is inside and makes the particle is self repulsive. It's always tries to explode. This explosive potential of charge is the electric repulsive density (electric flux) in the center of the ring. The voltage of this flux is called small e. One coulomb of es to make a full volt. If we rotate the charge to a velocity to c,......the magnetic field will grow till it's equal to the explosive repulsive force and stop the charge from exploding (expanding) and give it a certain size. The explosion is contained. A particle is a contained explosion. That's why it has power. The charge takes on a rotating ring structure. The electric field pushes the ring apart, the magnetic field compresses the ring together. Now rotation has velocity and because the charge has size now, the rotation of the ring will have a period also. The period is the duration of time for the charge to make 1 rotation. The period is also the length or distance that the charge travels during 1 rotation. To keep the charge from exploding...the velocity of charge has to be kept constant c. The only thing that can very with energy level is the PERIOD or FREQUENCY of the charge. AND the period is the SIZE of the charge. Charge Angular Momentum is changed with period, not velocity. The magnetic and electric fields are rotating at c with the charge. In order to change the size of charge to accommodate energy level, we will have to cut those restraining fields. When that happens, the direction of the fields ceases to be angular and goes linear at the same velocity. The reason the speed of light is constant is because the angular velocity of charge is constant. And that speed is necessary to confined the charge. Alright then, what about a high velocity source? A charge particle (charge ring) has a force field around it. A charge field. It has an electric and magnetic component. They are perpendicular, firm and equal. Under acceleration, this charge field will distort. This charge field is what confines the charge ring and when they distort, it distorts the ring. This distortion can cause directivity in the emission. BUT the angular velocity remains constant and therefore the emission velocity remains constant. Whether under high acceleration or stationary at zero degrees......the angular V remains constant. I forgot something. If it's the electric that causes expansion, what causes the rotation? (which causes the magnetic and therefore the compression) The magnetic field starts when expansion does. The magnetic force is a sideways (perpendicular) force. When you shine an electric field on a particle, the particle will advance or retreat depending on polarity. When you shine a magnetic field on a particle.....the particle will move to the left side or the right side. When you flip the magnetic shine, it will turn in the other direction. Sideways force.....a perpendicular force. When the charge starts to expand, all the parts of the charge will feel the same direction sideways force. This is what causes the charge to form a ring. When you shine with a complete charge field( equal electric and magnetic), the particle will repel or attract helically. Why is the speed of light constant? Because the angular Velocity ( and therefore the angular fields that will be cut, which are moving at c ) of the light source is constant. ALL particles in the universe have this angular velocity. Now you know.