# Poles and Zero Vectors - Digital Filter

#### Elevon

Joined Jun 7, 2020
18
If I am given values for the poles and zeros of a system, how do I calculate the pole and zero vectors? What are b and a coefficients?

#### Papabravo

Joined Feb 24, 2006
16,773
For pole and zero vectors from the origin to the pole or zer0 there is no calculation. the real part is the x-component and the imaginary part is the y-component. The y-components is also known as the jω-component since it is along the jω-axis in the complex plane.

Many filter tables use the letters a and b for the coefficients of a second order polynomial which shows up in the denominator of a transfer function. They relate to that polynomial in a standard form. For a a transfer function in the form:
$1+as+bs^2$
The a coefficient is associated with the linear term and the b coefficient is associated with the squared term.
If the transfer function is expressed as:
$s^2+\frac{\omega_0}{Q}s\;+\;\omega_0^2$
you can transform it to the other form by dividing each term by $$\omega_0^2$$ and setting the corresponding coefficients equal to each other.
With either formulation you can relate the pole locations to a and b or to $$\omega_0 \;\text and\; Q$$.
You can also use the quadratic formula on either form to get the pole locations.

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#### Delta Prime

Joined Nov 15, 2019
1,147
Hello there just to elaborate if I may be so bold.