Oscilloscope TV line , TV field Trigger mode on Oscilloscopes

Thread Starter

watsongrey

Joined Oct 31, 2014
94
On Oscilloscopes there is a TV line and TV field options on the Trigger modes. Are these only for composite TV signals? because it seems to not work with RGB, Component, S-video or VGA. When do you use the TV line and TV field for? I'm guessing the Oscilloscope has a demodulator TV circuit interally for the TV line and TV field to sync off of the video composite signal? color TV's have multiple inputs in the rear back for RGB, component, S-video, composite. So Black and White TV circuits inside a TV used composite video signals?
 

vk6zgo

Joined Jul 21, 2012
677
On Oscilloscopes there is a TV line and TV field options on the Trigger modes. Are these only for composite TV signals? because it seems to not work with RGB,Component, S-video or VGA.
This is often used on less expensive 'scopes to make them easier to trigger on analog Video signals.
They are not near as common on more advanced 'scopes which can trigger on Video adequately using their normal triggering facilities.

Analog RGB signals often have syncs added to one of the three (often G),so you can trigger off that input.
Other RGB setups have a separate Composite Sync feed,which you can trigger off.

Unfortunately,in most cases you can't use TV line & Field trigger modes on EXT sync input,so you won't be able to look at all of them,as one of your channels will be taken up by the Sync source.

I don't know much about S-video,but my feeling is,that the triggering wouldn't work.
VGA is a totally different system with different standards.
When do you use the TV line and TV field for?
As above,it is to make it easier for a 'scope with a fairly unsophisticated sync circuit to trigger on Video signals.
I'm guessing the Oscilloscope has a demodulator TV circuit interally for the TV line and TV field to sync off of the video composite signal?
Not a demodulator,simply a sync separator as used in normal Analog TVs.
color TV's have multiple inputs in the rear back for RGB, component, S-video, composite. So Black and White TV circuits inside a TV used composite video signals?
Not all colour TV sets had all those inputs-------many had only an Antenna input.
The TV receiver demodulated the TV signal,separated out the colour & black & white signals,recombining them inside the colour CRT.
The Syncs & blanking were also separated out,& used to keep the scanning correct,plus blank the CRT during flyback.
Black & white TVs ignored the colour information,but did all the other stuff.

As the cost of specialist ICs fell,colour TVs started to include all those other inputs.
 

alfacliff

Joined Dec 13, 2013
2,458
the line and field triggers in the scopes are optomised for tv standards, the other modes mentined use different vertical and horizontal rates.
 

Thread Starter

watsongrey

Joined Oct 31, 2014
94
NTSC, PAL, SECAM all use different vertical and horizontal sync rates, any others use different sync rates?
The Line and Field triggers on Oscope is only for NTSC sync rates right?

You can use the External trigger for injecting other sync rates , but you can't combine the V-sync and H-sync channels together into one O-scope channel input or external trigger input? you need to use 2 oscilloscope channels to keep the H-sync on ch2 and V-sync on ch3 and the video signal on ch1. The problem is that you can only sync "one" Oscope channel to the video signal ch1 at a time.

When measuring RGB video signals, you have to use the Green channel ( sync on green ) on channel#2 and the video RGB signal on ch1, set the Oscope to trigger on ch2 to sync on green channel.

Color TV's and Black and White TV's signals are Composite video signals? the H-sync and V-sync signals is on the demodulator chip. so you have to Oscope ch2 on V-sync and Ch3 on H-sync probed direct to the demodulator chip or the sync separator chip internally inside the TV
 

crutschow

Joined Mar 14, 2008
34,039
All of the above is only true for analog video signals, of course, not for HDTV digital signals.

S-Video is the same as NTSC composite except the color signal is separate from the luminance (black & white) signal.
 

Thread Starter

watsongrey

Joined Oct 31, 2014
94
S-video sync signals V-sync and H-sync is on the luminance signal?
How do you sync DVI, HDMI, HDTV signals? where is the sync at in the circuit or video signal?
How do you guys troubleshoot TV color or Black and white circuits inside TV? how did you set up the oscilloscope and sync it to the oscilloscope?
 

vk6zgo

Joined Jul 21, 2012
677
Gee you are hard work!

NTSC, PAL, SECAM all use different vertical and horizontal sync rates, any others use different sync rates?
The Line and Field triggers on Oscope is only for NTSC sync rates right?
Yes,they are different,but the Oscilloscope will trigger OK on all of them.

You can use the External trigger for injecting other sync rates , but you can't combine the V-sync and H-sync channels together into one O-scope channel input or external trigger input? you need to use 2 oscilloscope channels to keep the H-sync on ch2 and V-sync on ch3 and the video signal on ch1. The problem is that you can only sync "one" Oscope channel to the video signal ch1 at a time.
No! No! No!,the TV H & V syncs come from whatever channel you have selected to sync from.
Composite syncs are separated when you are in the "TV Sync" mode.& you can then further select H or V syncs to trigger from by operating the appropriate selector switch.
My point was that most 'scopes don't provide the TV H & V sync function with the EXT sync input.
When measuring RGB video signals, you have to use the Green channel ( sync on green ) on channel#2 and the video RGB signal on ch1, set the Oscope to trigger on ch2 to sync on green channel.
If you have "syncs on green",yes,you can do that,but you need a 3 channel 'scope so you can see the other two channels.
Note:- Most Broadcast equipment with RGB capabilities uses a separate Composite sync input,so there are
four coax connectors on the back.
In that case,you will need a four channel 'scope if you wish to trigger from a normal channel.
Most 'scopes will trigger OK in "normal' or "auto" if you feed Composite syncs into the EXT input,though.
Color TV's and Black and White TV's signals are Composite video signals? the H-sync and V-sync signals is on the demodulator chip.
Yes,the signal transmitted from the TV station is Composite video modulated on an RF carrier.
Strictly speaking,the signal out of the demodulator is Composite video,but in some cases,the demodulator is part of a large "Signal Processing" IC,which outputs RGB,Blanking,syncs,etc ready for use.
so you have to Oscope ch2 on V-sync and Ch3 on H-sync probed direct to the demodulator chip or the sync separator chip internally inside the TV
No,you can't do that,you only get the option of H or V sync one at a time.

If you have a composite signal present at the demodulator output,all you need to do is probe that point,set your 'scope to H or V sync on the same channel you are probing,then look at the video signal at H or V rate as desired.

If your TV does have a big IC which outputs RGB,Blanking,syncs,etc,you could use one channel to probe the appropriate sync signal,& trigger from using Normal or Auto triggering,& look at the particular signal you are interested in,using the other channel.
No need here for the 'scope's H & V triggering.

If you have a Set Top Box which can output composite & RGB analog when receiving digital TV,or a DVD player with similar outputs,you can sit down with it & your Oscilloscope & find out most of this stuff for yourself in maybe an hour.

You will probably find,that most of the time you can trigger normally on video signals,without using the Video H&V function.
A sneaky trick if you are looking at a field rate (V) signal is to trigger off what 'scopes call "Line"
This is nothing to do with TV lines,it is the frequency of the "Mains Line"(60 or 50Hz)
TV vertical frequency isn't locked to the Mains,but it is usually very close,& the display will only drift a small amount over a long time.
 

Thread Starter

watsongrey

Joined Oct 31, 2014
94
Composite syncs are separated when you are in the "TV Sync" mode.& you can then further select H or V syncs to trigger from by operating the appropriate selector switch.

My Oscilloscopes I'm using don't have a selector switch to select H or V sync
TV field mode only displays the H sync not the V sync
TV line mode only displays the V sync not the H sync

My point was that most 'scopes don't provide the TV H & V sync function with the EXT sync input.

yes i know that is why you have to use a normal oscope channel for a sync signal and set the oscope to sync to that channel
I have to inject the H sync into Ch2 and inject the V sync into Ch3 , I use Ch1 as the color video signal
I sync ch2 and Ch3 to Ch1 using the trigger modes

Most 'scopes will trigger OK in "normal' or "auto" if you feed Composite syncs into the EXT input,though.

only works in the external input? because I have tried using Auto or normal when probing a composite sync and it will not sync. It displays a free running or untriggered waveforms

the signal transmitted from the TV station is Composite video modulated on an RF carrier.

is it true that the composite video is inverted so the H-Sync is positive going when modulated?

the signal out of the demodulator is Composite video,but in some cases,the demodulator is part of a large "Signal Processing" IC,which outputs RGB,Blanking,syncs,etc ready for use.

yes true the demodulator can have the sync separator also.
The Blanking signal can be used to injected into the Z axis input on the Oscope I heard or how else would you probe the blanking signal?

you only get the option of H or V sync one at a time.

why not at the same time? any way I can view both the H and V sync with the Video signal at the same time on the Oscope?
 

Thread Starter

watsongrey

Joined Oct 31, 2014
94
Why would a TV tech need to measure or probe the blanking signal? the Blanking signal goes to the flyback , but the flyback is only for the CRT

When using the Oscopes TV field mode, you can view the Odd field and the Even Field of the interlaced composite signal?
It should display the pre equalized signal, vertical signal, post equalized signal, where is the odd field and even field?
 

vk6zgo

Joined Jul 21, 2012
677
Composite syncs are separated when you are in the "TV Sync" mode.& you can then further select H or V syncs to trigger from by operating the appropriate selector switch.

My Oscilloscopes I'm using don't have a selector switch to select H or V sync
TV field mode only displays the H sync not the V sync
TV line mode only displays the V sync not the H sync
OK,fair enough,other 'scopes have two switches,one to select video sync, & another,H or V.
In one of your other threads,you say:-
"I'm using a Tektronix 2445 , 2246, 2245"--& the manual shows TV Sync functions.
I take back my comment about "less sophisticated" Oscilloscopes,---I didn't remember them having such functions,as we never used them,the normal triggering was satisfactory.
My point was that most 'scopes don't provide the TV H & V sync function with the EXT sync input.
yes i know that is why you have to use a normal oscope channel for a sync signal and set the oscope to sync to that channel
I have to inject the H sync into Ch2 and inject the V sync into Ch3 , I use Ch1 as the color video signal
I sync ch2 and Ch3 to Ch1 using the trigger modes
Sorry,but that doesn't make sense!!
Most 'scopes will trigger OK in "normal' or "auto" if you feed Composite syncs into the EXT input,though.

only works in the external input? because I have tried using Auto or normal when probing a composite sync and it will not sync. It displays a free running or untriggered waveforms
No, it should work with any input.
It needs a bit of effort on your part,though,---set the SLOPE to negative & adjust the TRIGGER LEVEL
( don't rely on the "AUTO-LEVEL" function.)
the signal transmitted from the TV station is Composite video modulated on an RF carrier.

is it true that the composite video is inverted so the H-Sync is positive going when modulated?
Yes,this is done so that if a noisy signal is received,it will still sync satisfactorily,as sync tips produce maximum power.
The old UK 405 line system had syncs as minimum power,& on occasion,perfectly usable pictures would lose syncs.
the signal out of the demodulator is Composite video,but in some cases,the demodulator is part of a large "Signal Processing" IC,which outputs RGB,Blanking,syncs,etc ready for use.

yes true the demodulator can have the sync separator also.
Strictly speaking,the "demodulator" is only that part of the IC which demodulates the TV signal.
I think "Signal Processor" is a better term.
The Blanking signal can be used to injected into the Z axis input on the Oscope I heard or how else would you probe the blanking signal?
TV Blanking is used to cut off the TV set CRT Electron beam during the "flyback" time following each line,& following each field.
If it was not present,the flyback lines would be visible.

The Blanking on the 'scope's Z axis is another thing altogether.
you only get the option of H or V sync one at a time.

why not at the same time? any way I can view both the H and V sync with the Video signal at the same time on the Oscope?
You can display a field,or several,& using the delay timebase,look at lines within that field.
I don't think you can trigger off both at the same time---maybe you can,but not sure what the advantages would be.
 

vk6zgo

Joined Jul 21, 2012
677
Why would a TV tech need to measure or probe the blanking signal? the Blanking signal goes to the flyback , but the flyback is only for the CRT
Answered in the previous post.
When using the Oscopes TV field mode, you can view the Odd field and the Even Field of the interlaced composite signal?
It should display the pre equalized signal, vertical signal, post equalized signal, where is the odd field and even field?
Display two fields & using the delayed timebase,you can look at each individually,or look at the signals within the vertical blanking period.
If you look up the NTSC standards,you will find out the characteristics defining each field as "odd" or "even".
Hint:- Look for a "half line offset".
Looking at such things with a waveform monitor is much easier!

Why are you so immersed in an obsolete TV standard?
 

Thread Starter

watsongrey

Joined Oct 31, 2014
94
Why are you so immersed in an obsolete TV standard?

Trying to troubleshoot video switchers and converters , they are VGA, Composite , RGB, Component and S-video

Display two fields & using the delayed timebase,you can look at each individually,or look at the signals within the vertical blanking period.

So only Composite video has odd field and even field? Not VGA , RGB, S-video

To Display the odd field and even field, I set the Oscopes trigger mode to TV field and it will display both odd and even fields in the vertical blanking period?

Yes you use the delay time base sweep or Delay Sweep B and you can Counter the each line in the odd and even fields

TV Blanking is used to cut off the TV set CRT Electron beam during the "flyback" time following each line,& following each field.

So how does a TV tech know if the TV blanking is at the correct time interval? I thought there was a front porch and back porch that is the blanking period time interval. The blanking voltage is at zero 0 IRE or 0 zero volts. So how can a TV tech measure the blanking voltage, waveform and time interval? is the front porch and back porch the blanking voltage, waveform and time interval? I'm not sure how the TV blanking signals "waveshape" looks like, it is just a straight DC line?

Yes,this is done so that if a noisy signal is received,it will still sync satisfactorily,as sync tips produce maximum power

So if they kept the horizontal sync at -40 IRE or negative sync if there was a noisy signal it will lose the sync signal? but when inverting the Horizontal sync to a positive tip during RF Modulation transmission the noise doesn't lose the sync signal? I don't get it , it doesn't make sense to me.
 

Lestraveled

Joined May 19, 2014
1,946
watsongrey
All of the questions you are "struggling" over are clearly answered on several web sites. Google, "composite video" and you will have it all explained for you.
 

vk6zgo

Joined Jul 21, 2012
677
Why are you so immersed in an obsolete TV standard?

Trying to troubleshoot video switchers and converters , they are VGA, Composite , RGB, Component and S-video

Display two fields & using the delayed timebase,you can look at each individually,or look at the signals within the vertical blanking period.

So only Composite video has odd field and even field? Not VGA , RGB, S-video
The camera produces RGB to start with,& its scan circuit is driven by the same Sync Pulse Generator which supplies syncs for the whole system,so what do you think?
To Display the odd field and even field, I set the Oscopes trigger mode to TV field and it will display both odd and even fields in the vertical blanking period?

Yes you use the delay time base sweep or Delay Sweep B and you can Counter the each line in the odd and even fields
The TV Field mode will allow you not only to display one field,but also multiple fields.
Display two consecutive fields,& you can use the delayed timebase to look at each as required.
Initially,you will see all the lines in the field,but you can look at the vertical blanking interval by adjustment of the delayed time/div.
TV Blanking is used to cut off the TV set CRT Electron beam during the "flyback" time following each line,& following each field.

So how does a TV tech know if the TV blanking is at the correct time interval? I thought there was a front porch and back porch that is the blanking period time interval. The blanking voltage is at zero 0 IRE or 0 zero volts. So how can a TV tech measure the blanking voltage, waveform and time interval? is the front porch and back porch the blanking voltage, waveform and time interval? I'm not sure how the TV blanking signals "waveshape" looks like, it is just a straight DC line?
Yes,it looks like the composite signal with the video,colour burst & syncs stripped off.
The line blanking interval is the time between the leading edge of the front porch & the trailing edge of the
back porch.
Field blanking is from where the video is blanked out on the last line of the previous field,to where video resumes at the beginning of the next field.
http://www.ni.com/white-paper/4750/en/
Yes,this is done so that if a noisy signal is received,it will still sync satisfactorily,as sync tips produce maximum power

So if they kept the horizontal sync at -40 IRE or negative sync if there was a noisy signal it will lose the sync signal? but when inverting the Horizontal sync to a positive tip during RF Modulation transmission the noise doesn't lose the sync signal? I don't get it , it doesn't make sense to me.
Modulation doesn't work quite like that.
Negative Modulation allows the sync tips to represent maximum RF power,& peak white minimum RF power.
Noise in the original video is negligible---the noise which affects the receiver is ambient RF noise.
As the wanted signal drops in level in fringe areas,the least powerful part of the signal is overwhelmed by noise sooner,so it is best to have the syncs at the higher power level.

About the video levels-----the one volt/negative sync standard is only for video interconnections external to a device.
Inside the device it may be a few tens of millivolts,or hundreds of volts,negative or positive syncs.
The important thing is maintaining the relative amplitudes of the different parts of the signal.
In a way,the IRE scale is good ,as you need to maintain those proportions.


Finally,as Lestravelled says,you can Google for this stuff yourself.
It is impossible to teach you a couple of semesters of Analog TV Theory in a few paragraphs,& I've just about run out of puff!
It's the same with the Oscilloscope stuff---it's like trying to teach someone knitting over the phone!:D
Nobody was born knowing how to use an Oscilloscope---I remember the agony I went through trying to use
delayed timebase!
 

Thread Starter

watsongrey

Joined Oct 31, 2014
94
Thanks for your time and info, you're the only technician that knows this stuff that I can talk to about this.
But I am running out of questions since I'm learning about it more

So it's the Field blanking signal not the line blanking signal or is it both? that goes to the flyback inside the TV CTR
You use the Oscopes TV field trigger mode to view the field blanking

The camera produces RGB to start with,& its scan circuit is driven by the same Sync Pulse Generator which supplies syncs for the whole system,so what do you think?

The Sync Pulse Generators has a Rate knob for the V-sync Rate and the H-sync Rate. So it depends on what rate the user choose. I'm not sure what the "rate speed" for the V-sync or H-sync does , my best guess the faster the rate speed the better resolution and scanning of the lines and fields.

you will see all the lines in the field,but you can look at the vertical blanking interval by adjustment of the delayed time/div.

Yes true, After the vertical sync pulse and Post Equalizing pulses , they put SMPTE Data and Time Caption data, wipes/dissolves pulses during the field blanking interval signal.

the IRE scale is good ,as you need to maintain those proportions.

Do you know why they use the IRE scale instead of using an Oscope to measure the video signals in millivolts or voltages? why use the IRE scale when the video signals are in millivolts and voltages?
 

Thread Starter

watsongrey

Joined Oct 31, 2014
94
The Video Test Signal Generator has a V-sync Drive output, H-Sync Drive output, Video Output, Blanking Output

I hook my Oscilloscope direct to the Video Test Signal Generator

Oscope Ch1 goes to the Video output on the Video test signal generator
Oscope Ch2 goes to the V-sync output on the video test signal generator
Oscope Ch3 goes to the H-sync output on the video test signal generator
Oscope Ch4 goes to the Blanking output on the video test signal generator

"On My Oscopes I'm able to sync any Oscope channel to another channel"
Oscopes Trigger mode, I set it to sync Ch2 to Ch1 if I want to view the Vertical video signals
Oscope Trigger mode, I set it to sync Ch3 to Ch1 if I want to view the Horizontal video signals
Oscope Trigger mode, I set it to sync Ch4 to Ch1 if I want to view the blanking video signals

Also there is Trim pots inside TV's to set the Bias's, do you know what these bias are setting? the blanking bias voltage or the color bias?
 

vk6zgo

Joined Jul 21, 2012
677
Thanks for your time and info, you're the only technician that knows this stuff that I can talk to about this.
But I am running out of questions since I'm learning about it more

So it's the Field blanking signal not the line blanking signal or is it both? that goes to the flyback inside the TV CTR
"Flyback" correctly refers to the action of the CRT electron beam,which creates the glowing spot on the TV CRT screen

After scanning a line from left to right,the beam needs to return to the left side of the screen.
This occurs during the horizontal blanking interval & takes a very much shorter time than the left to right portion of the scan,so that the spot "flies back"--hence "flyback".

The spot/electron beam, must also "Fly back" from bottom to top of the screen after the completion of a field.
This occurs during the vertical blanking interval.
The CRT beam must be "cut off" during these actions so you don't see them happen.

It was convenient to use the Horizontal deflection circuit to also drive the CRT EHT generator,which ,hence became known as a "flyback" supply.
Techs & EEs being the sloppy types they are,"flyback" eventually became corrupted to mean any supply which operated in a similar way.
You use the Oscopes TV field trigger mode to view the field blanking
Yes,you can.
The camera produces RGB to start with,& its scan circuit is driven by the same Sync Pulse Generator which supplies syncs for the whole system,so what do you think?

The Sync Pulse Generators has a Rate knob for the V-sync Rate and the H-sync Rate. So it depends on what rate the user choose. I'm not sure what the "rate speed" for the V-sync or H-sync does , my best guess the faster the rate speed the better resolution and scanning of the lines and fields.
No,it's not that easy--Broadcast SPGs (in other words,"real ones")cannot by law,be set to whatever the "user chooses".
Usually,any adjustment is used to adjust it to Broadcast Standards.
And to answer your original question,RGB has odd & even fields.

you will see all the lines in the field,but you can look at the vertical blanking interval by adjustment of the delayed time/div.

Yes true, After the vertical sync pulse and Post Equalizing pulses , they put SMPTE Data and Time Caption data, wipes/dissolves pulses during the field blanking interval signal.
They also insert "vertical interval test signals".
the IRE scale is good ,as you need to maintain those proportions.

Do you know why they use the IRE scale instead of using an Oscope to measure the video signals in millivolts or voltages? why use the IRE scale when the video signals are in millivolts and voltages?
If you set your vertical gain to variable,then adust the gain to fit the graticule,you can see if the signal is distorted.
 

vk6zgo

Joined Jul 21, 2012
677
The Video Test Signal Generator has a V-sync Drive output, H-Sync Drive output, Video Output, Blanking Output

I hook my Oscilloscope direct to the Video Test Signal Generator

Oscope Ch1 goes to the Video output on the Video test signal generator
Oscope Ch2 goes to the V-sync output on the video test signal generator
Oscope Ch3 goes to the H-sync output on the video test signal generator
Oscope Ch4 goes to the Blanking output on the video test signal generator

"On My Oscopes I'm able to sync any Oscope channel to another channel"
Oscopes Trigger mode, I set it to sync Ch2 to Ch1 if I want to view the Vertical video signals
Oscope Trigger mode, I set it to sync Ch3 to Ch1 if I want to view the Horizontal video signals
Oscope Trigger mode, I set it to sync Ch4 to Ch1 if I want to view the blanking video signals
It is a bit "clunky" but it will work well.
Note you don't need to use TV trigger mode to do this.
Also there is Trim pots inside TV's to set the Bias's, do you know what these bias are setting? the blanking bias voltage or the color bias?
From memory,in most cases,there is one blanking bias setting & only two colour bias settings,as it is only necessary to balance the three colours,which can be done with only two pots.
 

Thread Starter

watsongrey

Joined Oct 31, 2014
94
They also insert "vertical interval test signals".

I'm not really sure what VITS signals are used for, they seem to be some kind of code for "transmission testing"

here is the definitions:
a VITS inserter is used to insert the test signal into live programming, so that inline measurements of a transmission chain can be made while the chain is operational.

use the VITS to detect and troubleshoot problems in on-air transmission.

Vertical blanking interval "equalizer test signal"

Equalizer test signals are for to check/test the cable lengths
Do you know what the equalizer signals are for? in the vertical blanking internal

The format of such a signal in 525-line NTSC is:
  • pre-equalizing pulses (6 to start scanning odd lines, 5 to start scanning even lines)
  • long-sync pulses (5 pulses)
  • post-equalizing pulses (5 to start scanning odd lines, 4 to start scanning even lines
It doesn't say much what the pre or post equalizing pulses do or are?

Grey Scale Test signal
I tried a Video Generator set to Grey Scale, and it outputted a 9 step up ramp staircase waveform
I'm guessing the Gray Scale test is to test the Luminance levels and luminance linearity
A waveform monitor is to check the luminance ( brightness ) amplitude levels
A Vectorscope has a Chrominance demodulated IC chip , a Waveform monitor doesn't have this Ic chip built in

The Oscilloscopes that have the TV line and TV field , must have that Signal Processor IC chips that seperates the H-sync, V-sync, video signal and the Blanking signal


Component video sync:

Separate sync
Uses separate wires for horizontal and vertical synchronization. When used in RGB (i.e. VGA) connections, five separate signals are sent (Red, Green, Blue, Horz. Sync, Vert. Sync).

Composite sync
Combines horizontal and vertical synchronization onto one pair of wires. When used in RGB connections, four separate signals are sent (Red, Green, Blue, Sync).

Sync-on-green (SOG)
Combines composite sync with the green signal in RGB. Only three signals are sent (Red, Green with Sync, Blue). This synchronization system is used in - among other applications - many systems by Silicon Graphics and Sun Microsystems through a DB13W3 connector.

Sync-on-luminance
Similar to sync-on-green, but combines sync with the luminance signal (Y) of a color system such as YPbPr. This is the synchronization system normally used in home theater systems.

Sync-on-composite
The connector carries a standard composite video signal along with the RGB components, for use with devices that cannot process RGB signals. For devices that do understand RGB, the sync component of that composite signal is used along with the color information from the RGB lines. This arrangement is found in the SCART connector in common use in Europe and some other PAL/SECAM areas.
 
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