Converting 3 Phase 70VAC to 12VDC

Thread Starter

Oliver Müller

Joined Dec 30, 2017
2
Hi guys,

I've got a alternator which provides 70Volts of 3 Phase AC and I want to convert this into 12V (or other voltage) DC! I know I have to use rectifier, but in which combination and which one have I to choose?

LG Oliver ~ Germany
 

SxyWood

Joined Oct 8, 2017
25
Is the alternator off of a motor vehicle? If so is the built in rectifier and regulator no good? We need more information. At least I need more info.
 

Reloadron

Joined Jan 15, 2015
7,088
Yes, you want a 3 phase rectifier which are very common and the circuit would look a little like this:
3 Phase Rectifier.png

The problem is while you mention 70 Volts you make no mention of the 12 Volt current demand. You are not providing enough information. Additionally as mentioned if the alternator was or is an automotive type there should be a way to control the field winding and control the voltage out. The above drawing does not show a field winding.

Ron
 

tranzz4md

Joined Apr 10, 2015
310
You need to use a transformer, fed from the A.C. generator (aka "alternator") to get the correct voltage, then rectify with a diode bridge like Ron shows.

Power (measured by us as watts, but close to Volt-amps) is a constant. For example, if your generator is 12kw, at 12 volts it is capable of 1000A current! (I suspect your generator is smaller than that, so a 6000watt gen would be about 500A @12V, etc.)
 

SxyWood

Joined Oct 8, 2017
25
Don’t forget that alternators from vehicles will need some sort of excite voltage. I think that’s what it is called. It is used to start a electric voltage in the windings. After it starts to produce the voltage it becomes self sustaining.
 

MaxHeadRoom

Joined Jul 18, 2013
26,305
Don’t forget that alternators from vehicles will need some sort of excite voltage..
It may be possible to use residual field if it is present, if so, the output is fed directly into the field and soon as it reaches 12v it switches over to the regulator, same as a DC generator does.
Max.
 

dendad

Joined Feb 20, 2016
4,251
Really, as you have been asked, more info on the alternator is needed. What current do you need from the output and what is the power of your alternator and does it have any control of the output? And what are wou driving the alternator from?
I do wonder why it is so hard to get info from a lot of Thread Starters.....
But instead of using a transformer ( 3 phase transformer needed) to drop the volts, if you cannot control the alternator directly down to lower volts, rectify the output and use a switch mode supply to drop the volts to what you need.
Rectified and filtered 70V out will be getting pretty close to what is required to run an off the shelf universal input supply/charger so I'd investigate that.
 
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