voltage regulator

Discussion in 'General Electronics Chat' started by isha, Oct 28, 2005.

  1. isha

    Thread Starter Active Member

    Sep 16, 2005
    consider a circuit in which power supply voltage is of +12V
    a zener diode [Vz=9.1V] is connected to power supply through a resistance of 100ohms
    Izk=5mA, load current can vary from 0mA to 15mA
    when we connect a load resistance of 100ohms across zenerdiode then diode is drop out of the circuit and voltage drop across RL become 6Volts
    Can we design voltage regulater circuit using zener diode such that when we connect load of 100ohms,its voltage drop remains 9 volt , i.e;zener diode operates normally???????
  2. Gorgon

    AAC Fanatic!

    Aug 14, 2005
    If your +12v is stable you could use a zener diode of 3.0V in series with your supply and get 9V with 'any' load. A 1W zener could supply about 300mA. A resistor of 100 ohm only draw 90 mA on 9V.

    This way no extra power is wasted through the 'shorting' zener.

    TOK ;)
  3. haditya

    Senior Member

    Jan 19, 2004
    wats izk?

    edited: never mind i figured it out...k stands for knee
  4. haditya

    Senior Member

    Jan 19, 2004
    assuming izk is the same as iz..one way to solve ur problem is like this
    I thru load must be 90mA... therefore I from supply is 95mA...by reconfiguring the 100 ohms internal supply resistance to a value much smaller 9V output can be achieved... that value would be around (12-9)/0.095 ohms

    a similar approach can be followed if iz is taken as 2*izk...
  5. n9352527

    AAC Fanatic!

    Oct 14, 2005
    Just be careful when you have a voltage sensitive application that draws _very_ little current then the voltage would be close to 12V instead of the expected 9V. As I once found out with a catastrophic result. Have a look at the Iz v Vz graph of the zener.
  6. mozikluv

    AAC Fanatic!

    Jan 22, 2004

    i have attached a common zener regulator configuration. as always the value of R1 will depend on your load current requirement. in your case, your load is 100ohms at 9.1vdc will draw about 91ma. hence your R1 will have a value of 27ohms 0.5w and a 3w or 5w zener diode. these values were derived assuming that your supply source is an unregulated full wave bridge. zener current will vary between 290ma to 325ma and its voltage will vary between 8.6vdc to 9.6vdc.