trafo power rating

Discussion in 'Homework Help' started by zack, Jun 19, 2004.

  1. zack

    Thread Starter New Member

    Jun 9, 2004
    Just a simple question, why do some transformer power rating are specified in Watts and others in VA power?

  2. beenthere

    Retired Moderator

    Apr 20, 2004
    Hi Zack,

    Great question. I always thought that since W(watts) = E(volts) X I(amps), that it was only some peculiararity of electricians that caused them to want to use volt-amps instead of watts. Unless someone can shed some light, I think there's no difference in the measurements.
  3. mozikluv

    AAC Fanatic!

    Jan 22, 2004

    i believe the purpose of using watt to rate a transformer is to inform the user that he can only connect loads up to the rate they say. if they say 500w then you can only connect circuits that require up to 500w only. if your device needs 1000w then surely your transfo will not be able to supply and gets overloaded.

    VA = Power output / efficiency
    VA = 500w / 0.9 * 0.9
    VA = 617
  4. Dave

    Retired Moderator

    Nov 17, 2003
    The terminology Volt-Amps (VA) refers to the complex power rating, which is expressed in the form:

    S = P +jQ

    Where P is your active power in Watts (W) and Q is your reactive power in Volt-Amps-reactive (VAr).

    We also know S as the Apparent Power which has great significance with AC 3-phase electrical systems.

    Obviously for DC systems S = P (because Q = 0).