# Serial data

#### Guinness1759

Joined Dec 10, 2010
64
Hi,
I have PIC16F1827 and I'm using MPLAB IDE which uses Hi-Tech C for my c compiler. I'm having trouble locating simple code to enable serial port and send data out on serial port. I'm not receiving any serial data. If anyone has some concise code examples let me know. I went to the examples in Hi-Tech C and they are really long. I'ved used serial commands before with Freescale and it was only 4 or 5 commands, so I don't see why it needs to be so complicated. Also for some reason the serial portion of the PIC datasheet is very confusing. I was surprised since everything else seemed to be easy to follow.

#### cheezewizz

Joined Apr 16, 2009
82
He's using HiTech C and you've just pointed him towards a different compiler's site... Have a look in the samples for Hitech C they would've been installed along with the compiler and necessary libraries.

#### Guinness1759

Joined Dec 10, 2010
64
I'm getting this error (bold) when running the following code

Rich (BB code):
#include	<sci.h> // Serial Header file

sci_Init(9600,SCI_EIGHT);
sci_PutByte(0xaa);	/* send 0xaa when device is ready */

I left the irrelevant code out to save you time scanning.

Error [500] ; 0. undefined symbols: _sci_PutByte(high-tech-new.obj) _sci_Init(high-tech-new.obj)

sci.h looks las follows

Rich (BB code):
#define FOSC	(4000000L)
#define SCI_EIGHT	(0)
#define SCI_NINE	(1)

unsigned char	sci_Init(unsigned long int, unsigned char);
void 			sci_PutByte(unsigned char);
unsigned char	sci_GetByte(void);
void 			sci_PutNinth(unsigned char);
unsigned char	sci_GetNinth(void);
unsigned char	sci_GetFERR(void);
unsigned char	sci_CheckOERR(void);
This is the example.txt they have for serial data.

Rich (BB code):
The sci functions and macros to implement asynchronous
communication on the Serial Communication Interface (SCI)
module.

CONTENTS
########

1 Setting Up
2 Asynchronous Function Definitions
3 Examples
4 Using Interrupts

1) Setting Up
#############

The file sci.h should be #included into your source
files. This file contains a macro which specifies
the Fosc frequency. This affects the baud rate
calculations and should be adjusted to suit your
application.

2) Asynchronous Function and Macro Definitions
##############################################

unsigned char
sci_Init(unsigned long int baud, unsigned char ninebits)
~~~~~~~~

This function is used to set up the appropriate registers
associated with the sci module. Specify the desired
baud rate. If this is possible using the current
value of Fosc, the value specified will be used - see
the PIC manual for details on baud rate selection.
If ninebits is true, 9-bit data values will be used for
both transmission and reception. The function returns
true if the desired baud rate could not be achieved;
false otherwise.

SCI_EIGHT and SCI_NINE
~~~~~~~~~     ~~~~~~~~~

These macros can beused with sci_Init() to indicate
eight- and nine-bit communication, respectively.

void
sci_PutByte(unsigned char byte)
~~~~~~~~~~~

This function is used to send an 8-bit quantity to
the SCI. The function first waits until TXIF is
set then loads the transmit register.

sci_PutNinth(bitnine)
~~~~~~~~~~~~

This macro is used to send the ninth bit to
the SCI when in nine-bit data mode. It should be
called before calling sci_PutByte().

unsigned char
sci_GetByte(void)
~~~~~~~~~~~

This function waits until the receive register is not
empty and returns the received 8-bit data.

unsigned char
sci_GetNinth(void)
~~~~~~~~~~~~

This function waits until the receive register is not
empty and returns the received ninth-bit when in nine-
bit mode. It should be called before calling
sci_GetByte()as the ninth bit is lost after calling
this function.

unsigned char
sci_GetFERR(void)
~~~~~~~~~~~

This function waits until the receive register is not
empty and returns the received frame error status bit.
It should be called before calling sci_GetByte() as
frame error information is lost after calling this
function.

unsigned char
sci_CheckOERR(void)
~~~~~~~~~~~~~

This function checks for an overrun error and resets the
receiver, by toggling the CREN bit, and returns true if
this has occured. The function returns false if no error
occured. If an overrun error occurs, the receiver is
completely disabled.

3) Examples
###########

// 8-bit mode at 9600 baud using polling

sci_Init(9600,SCI_EIGHT);
sci_PutByte(0xaa);	/* send 0xaa when device is ready */

// 9-bit mode at 19200 baud using polling

sci_Init(19200,SCI_NINE);
sci_PutNinth(0x00);	/* ninth bit is zero */
sci_PutByte(0xff);	/* and data is 0xff */

if(sci_getNinth())
; /* bit nine was true */
data = sci_GetByte();	/* get 8-bit value */
if(sci_CheckOERR())
; /* an overrun error occured */

4) Using Interrupts
###################

To use interrupts with the SCI, there are several things
which must be attended to.

Firstly there must be an interrupt service routine which
can process the interrupts when they occur. There can be
only one interrupt routine associated with the PIC
processor and so this routine must be able to service
any interrupt which occurs, not just those associated
with the SCI. The following example shows an ISR which
handles reception and transmission. The RCIF, TXIF,
RCIE and TXIE bits can be used to ascertain what caused
the interrupt. In the example, if the receive register
is full (RCIF), a character is read from the SCI and
echoed back to the source. If the transmitter is
empty and the transmitter interrupts are enabled then
another byte from a message is transmitted. If all
the message has been sent, the interrupts are disabled
to prevent further transmission. If any other interrupts
are enabled, the code to handle these will also have to
appear in this ISR.

unsigned char byte, i;

void interrupt isr(void)
{
if(RCIF)
{
byte = sci_GetByte();
sci_PutByte(byte);	/* echo char */
}
if(TXIF && TXIE)
{
sci_PutByte(message);
if(message[++i] == '\0')
TXIE = 0;	/* finished */
}
}

The interrupts can be enabled by setting the appropriate
bits in the INTCON register. To use the SCI, enable the
PEIE bit. If other interrupts are to be used, set the
bits corresponding to these interrupts in this register.
The global interrupt enable bit must also be set. The
TXIE and RCIE bits can then be used to mask and unmask
the interrupts at various points in your code.

sci_Init(9600, SCI_EIGHT);

PIR1 = 0;	/* clear any pending interrupts */
PEIE = 1;	/* enable perhipheral interrupts */
GIE  = 1;	/* global interrupts enabled */

/* perform other setup */

/* an interrupt could now come from the SCI receiver
at any time. */

/* process data read in, if any */

/* no more interrupts can come from the receiver */

See the PIC appropriate manual for further details
on the use of PIC interrupts.


I'm getting the error, any suggestions? It looks like the sci_GetByte function is defined in sci.h, but there is no actual function.

Last edited:

#### Guinness1759

Joined Dec 10, 2010
64
bump.....................

#### Guinness1759

Joined Dec 10, 2010
64
bump, $25 in paypal if anyone can help me solve this problem. #### t06afre Joined May 11, 2009 5,934 bump,$25 in paypal if anyone can help me solve this problem.
Read the data sheet for your pic. It will give you all that you need. Then look at examples in the "C:\Program Files\HI-TECH Software\PICC\9.xx\samples"
If you use USB to RS232 converter or a serial port. You will need a TTL to RS232 level converter. A typical circuit for this purpose. Is the max232 in some variant.