regarding diode

Thread Starter

gaya3eeee

Joined Aug 18, 2006
7
why resistors used in testing "the forward and reverse characteristics of diode" gets burned when high current is passed?
 

Papabravo

Joined Feb 24, 2006
12,767
High current in a resistor causes heat which must be dissipated by conduction, convection, or radiation. To compute the power in a resistor you square the current and multiply by the resistor value. If the current is expressed in Amperes and the resistance is expressed in Ohms then the power will be expressed in Watts.

Example: An IR-LED has the desired brightness at a forward current of 150 mA at a forward voltage drop of 2.2 Volts. The supply is +5 VDC. The resistor for this application is 18 Ohms. Compute the required power dissipation rating of the resistor
Rich (BB code):
(0.150)*(0.150)*18 = 405 mWatts
If you use a quarter watt resistor in this application the magic smoke will very quickly exit the resistor body with the usual fetid acrid smell.

Remember the following piece of doggerel:

"Twinkle-twinkle little star
Power's equal I squared R"
 
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