# Reduce a 30 V sine wave to 3.3 V

Discussion in 'General Electronics Chat' started by user127, Jan 25, 2013.

1. ### user127 Thread Starter New Member

Jan 25, 2013
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Hello everyone,

I'm currently working on a project where I use a TI DSP to sample a ultrasound signal. Sadly, I have envountered a problem. The pulser I'm using sends out a pulse with an amplitude of 30V, while the input of the DSP only takes 3.3V. My question is therefor: How can I reduce the amplitude of the signal without changing the sinusoidal morphology of it? It might be worth mentioning that the frequency of the signal is 5MHz.

I've read that transformers, transisors, step down converters, operational amplifiers and simple voltage dividers can be used. Is one of these a good option or can anyone recommend a suitable method?

2. ### t06afre AAC Fanatic!

May 11, 2009
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I can not see why a resistor divider should not work in this case. But put a suited OPAMP between the divider and the ACD input. But another problem. Can you DSP sample with at least 10MHz samplerate?

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3. ### MrChips Moderator

Oct 2, 2009
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A voltage divider using two resistors would be the simplest solution.
You may want to add a couple of diodes to clamp the voltage between Vcc and GND so that you don't blow your chip.

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4. ### user127 Thread Starter New Member

Jan 25, 2013
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@t09afre
I use the DSP TMS320F28335 from Texas Instruments which can sample in 12.5 MHz, hence, over the nyquist frequence. Why should I use an amplifer after the resistor divider?

@MrChips
Do you have any schematic for such a circuit, with the diods that is.

5. ### MrChips Moderator

Oct 2, 2009
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Last edited: Jan 26, 2013
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6. ### ScottWang Moderator

Aug 23, 2012
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5MHz/30V → resistor divider (3V) → Op Amp Voltage follower(3V) → 3.3V clamp → ADC

Op Amp Voltage follower(3V) - for isolation.

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7. ### user127 Thread Starter New Member

Jan 25, 2013
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So, I should first use a resistor divider to get 3V over one of the resistors used (ex. 27kOhm and 3kOhm). Then I should isolate the circuit with the help of a OP amp follower. Last, I should use a 3.3V Zener diode and a resistor as a clamping circuit, which gives me the output over the Zener diode. Have I understod this correctly?

8. ### #12 Expert

Nov 30, 2010
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Seems right from here.

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9. ### Ron H AAC Fanatic!

Apr 14, 2005
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WHy do you need to preserve the sine wave? Are you going to digitize the transmitted signal? I would think that you would be digitizing the return signal, which will be low amplitude.

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10. ### user127 Thread Starter New Member

Jan 25, 2013
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I need to preserve the waveform because the knowledge about the frequency components can help me find possible echoes.

Yes, both the transmitted and received signals will be digitized. This is done mainly because the pulser/receiver also "receives" the transmitted signal, and because I need to calculate the distance between both of them.

11. ### user127 Thread Starter New Member

Jan 25, 2013
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When I simulate this with pspice (OrCAD) I get a phase shift at the out signal. How can I avoid this?

12. ### t06afre AAC Fanatic!

May 11, 2009
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A bigger problem might be this. Looking at your chip. It has only ADC unit capable of 12.5 MSPS. If you are sampling two ADC channals. These two has to share 12.5 MSPS between each other and end up with a half the sample rate.

13. ### ScottWang Moderator

Aug 23, 2012
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Did you simulate as I mentioned?
You can separate each stage and to see the waveform, then you will find that where is the problem.

14. ### Ron H AAC Fanatic!

Apr 14, 2005
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Why is phase shift a problem?

15. ### user127 Thread Starter New Member

Jan 25, 2013
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@t06afre
I'm only using one analog input so that will not be a problem. But thanks for the information.

@ScottWang
Yes, I simulated as u mentioned and came to the conclusion that the zener diode was the problem. But now I'm thinking about skipping the diode because I'm already restricted by the feeding voltage of the op amp. If I feed it with 3.3v, the output will not exceed 3.3v. right?

@Ron H
If the signal is shifted then I need to sample more points making my sample array in my program much larger. This will lead to longer execution time.

I'm also wondering which op amp I should choose in othe words can all op amps handle 5MHz signals. Maybe LM6132 a good choice?

16. ### ScottWang Moderator

Aug 23, 2012
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MSP430 Vcc=2.5V~5.5V, you can check your DSP.

If your DSP as MSP430 then you can choose a 3.6V Zener or a little higher.
If you want to get a 3.3V from Op Amp, then you better offer the Vcc=5V, because the output of Op Amp will reduce about 1.4V from Vcc, you can find out the infos from the datasheet of Op Amp.

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17. ### Ron H AAC Fanatic!

Apr 14, 2005
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Scott, have you heard of rail-to-rail op amps?

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18. ### ScottWang Moderator

Aug 23, 2012
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What do you mean, as this one?

LT1498 - 10MHz, 6V/μs, Dual Rail-to-Rail Input and Output Precision C-Load Op Amps

LT1498 datasheet.

Jan 25, 2013
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