pulse motor circuit

Thread Starter

floomdoggle

Joined Sep 1, 2008
217
Hello to all,
This is my first post. To start with, my electronics knowledge is High School in 1972. We built a super heterodyne radio. With tubes.
I am trying to build the electronic section of a monopole pulse motor. Try not to laugh too hard. I have been searching this forum and other places, but just don't seem to either see what I need, or get the drift.
Thanks in advance.
Dan
 

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SgtWookie

Joined Jul 17, 2007
22,210
You have the base of the 2N3904 connected to the emitter of the ITR8102. It should be connected between the collector and the 1k resistor instead. As things are right now, the base of the 2N3904 won't ever get any current, as it's connected to ground.

With that change, the transistors will get turned ON when there is an object in the path of the IR LED.

If you want the transistors ON when there is no object in the path of the IR LED, then leave the connection on the emitter of the ITR8102, and remove the connection of the emitter to ground.
 
Last edited:

hgmjr

Joined Jan 28, 2005
9,029
The connection you have is not what sgtwookie was suggesting.

The emitter of the phototransistor should have stayed connected to ground and the base of the first transistor needs to be connected to the collector of the phototransistor.


hgmjr
 

SgtWookie

Joined Jul 17, 2007
22,210
That's better, Dan. :)

You could drop the 680 Ohm current limit resistor as low as 540 Ohms, which would give you 20mA current through the IR LED; that's figuring on the typical Vf (forward voltage) of 1.2v @20mA.

Rlimit = (VoltageSupply - Vf) / Current Desired = (12-1.2)/20mA = 10.8/0.02 = 540 Ohms

hgmjr,
Dan chose the 2nd option that I suggested.
 

hgmjr

Joined Jan 28, 2005
9,029
Keep in mind that if you elect to go with your latest connection, the sense of the photo-detector will reversed from the previous arrangement that sgtwookie recommended.

The coil will be energized when the sensor is unblocked and de-energized when the sensor is blocked.

hgmjr
 

Thread Starter

floomdoggle

Joined Sep 1, 2008
217
@hgmjr
I though sgt wookie wrote if i used the light position, to use the emitter. I'm all ears. Thanks for the reply.
Dan
 

Thread Starter

floomdoggle

Joined Sep 1, 2008
217
@Sgt Wookie,
Will do. Now, I think I'll go fry some transistors, and let you know how it works.

@hgmjr
Yes, I want to use the unblocked mode, seems to make more sense to my limited experience. If you have any other design. I'm all ears.

Thanks again, all.
Dan
 

Thread Starter

floomdoggle

Joined Sep 1, 2008
217
Yes, the transistors will burn. A kill switch will be on the final circuit. Also, a neon light will go from collector to emitter to warn of overly high voltage. This motor is not a leave-it-alone type. It must be monitored like an automobile. Eventually it will power a bicycle.
Oh yeah, I hooked up the circuit, and immediately burned the 2n3904. I had a 2n2502 lying around, and it worked fine. Thanks again to all who helped!
Dan
 
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