# Need variable frequency oscillator

#### ajaxoftherockies

Joined Apr 7, 2012
25
Helloooo Circuit Gurus,

I need to build an oscillator circuit that, when energized, runs about 1hz and slowly speeds up to about 20hz over a half minute or so and continues to run at 20hz until the circuit is turned off and back on again.
None of the parameters are critical

I was thinking about something around an lm555, but can't figure out how it would work.

Would someone here have some suggestions?

Thanks!!!

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#### TIP31

Joined Aug 17, 2013
25
What is the purpose of this circuit? You could use a microcontroller.

#### GopherT

Joined Nov 23, 2012
8,009
Lok up voltage controlled oscillator. Then you can control the voltage vey charging a capacitor through a resistor. The "time constant" of a resistor capacitor pair is farads x resistance. You want something that totals about 4 seconds. That way, 5 time constants will be 20 seconds.

#### ajaxoftherockies

Joined Apr 7, 2012
25
What is the purpose of this circuit? You could use a microcontroller.
It's part of an art piece. The oscillator will light a series of LEDs in a circle, and I want the circle to 'spin-up' and then visually rotate kind of like the Star Trek warp engine, except around instead of just upward.

The rest of the idea was to use the 555 oscillator to drive a 4033 decade counter. I have one running in astable mode and it works fine, just need to figure out how to make it start at one and stabilize at twenty hertz.

I thought about the MC angle, but would rather keep it simple, as this is the only 'complex' thing in the piece.

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#### ajaxoftherockies

Joined Apr 7, 2012
25

#### Bernard

Joined Aug 7, 2008
5,784
The 4017 looks OK.
How many LED's-- just 10?
What supply V is available?

#### ajaxoftherockies

Joined Apr 7, 2012
25
The 4017 looks OK.
How many LED's-- just 10?
What supply V is available?
Just the ten. Supply can be anything.

#### ajaxoftherockies

Joined Apr 7, 2012
25
It looks like it should, do you have a breadboard and the parts on hand so you can simulate it before you do the final build?
Yes, I have parts and breadboard. Just need to get an idea of values, next I guess.

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#### Bernard

Joined Aug 7, 2008
5,784
I put this on a breadboard with good result. An analog coupler, LED 2 & LDR [ light dependent resistor ] controls the frequency of 555 oscillator with period of 1 sec to 50 ms. LED 2 is a red LED facing a Cd-S photo cell in a light tight tube, or is available as a complete unit.
When power is applied, C 1 charges rapidly to about 3 V, where LED 2 just starts to conduct. C 1 then continues to charge to 5 V. U 1, darlington transistor, presents a high impedance to C 1 & low impedance to drive LED 2. R 2 sets 30 sec operating time, R 4, sets 50 ms. period when LED 2 is full bright; & R 5 sets 1 sec period when LED 2 is dark.

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#### AnalogKid

Joined Aug 1, 2013
11,145
A 4017 easliy gets you a counter and decoding for 10 LEDs, but extending it to more LEDs is messy. Or, a 4-bit counter and a 4 line to 16 line decoder gets you 16 LEDs. The nice thing about the binary approach is that it is relatively easy to extend to more LEDs in increments of 4, 8, or 16.

You can get your variable clock source from a 555, but it will take some fiddling around with component values. Page 9 of the original datasheet shows a pulse position modulator circuit, a sorta-kinda form of FM. With a simple RC circuit on pin 5 (Resistor to ground, resistor and cap in parallel to Vcc), the output freq will vary as the cap charges, then reach a final value and stay there.

A potential problem for both the output frequency and the ramp time is that they both are so slow. Even with a LMC555 CMOS part, circuit and capacitor leakage currents will affect the circuit performance, and vary with temperature. You might want to start with a faster clock freq and divide it down before decoding it.

The 30 second ramp time looks like the bigger problem. For the pin 5 voltage range, a rough guess is a 1 meg resistor and 15 uF cap for 30 seconds in 2 time constants. That's a charging current of 5 uA or less, probably less than the capacitor leakage current. You can adjust for this with different resistor values, but you're on the edge of what the chip can do repeatably. Still, there is no simpler way to do what you want - if it works.

ak