Logic with TTL gates

Discussion in 'General Electronics Chat' started by melmac82, Jul 22, 2009.

  1. melmac82

    Thread Starter New Member

    Jul 18, 2009
    I have been racking my brain for almost a week now and seem to be getting nowhere.

    I need to design a part of a logic circuit that does the following:

    There are 5 inputs (A, B, C, D, E) and 5 outputs (a, b, c, d, e)
    A goes high, a goes high; B goes high, b goes high, etc...

    However, there is a twist.

    No matter what any of the other inputs are, the last input to go high produces a high on its output and ONLY its output.
    For example C is made high so c is high, then B goes high (with C still high) causing b to go high and c to go low. Then if D goes high (with B and C still high) d goes high and both b and c are low.

    This is easy when it goes in order, but the problem I am running into is that when I mix things up and randomly select and deselect inputs every circuit that I have built so far causes oscillations.

    Is there a way to do this? The closest I have gotten is when I use XOR gates or latch combinations. So any ideas on what to possibly use to make this work?
  2. RiJoRI

    Well-Known Member

    Aug 15, 2007
    Look at the station selector switches on your car radio. Dunno if they are currently using micros, but my Dad's '49 Plymouth sure didn't! :D

    THis is an interesting problem....


    What you need to do is trap the rising edge of the active button, while ignoring the steady-state buttons.
    What if the signals are OR'd together to trip a timer chip, and each signal passes through a cap with a bleed-off resistor to ground after it. The spike is fed into a latch, which is gated from the timer. Depending on the inter-switch timing, you may be able to do it that way.

    Last edited: Jul 23, 2009
  3. DC_Kid

    AAC Fanatic!

    Feb 25, 2008
    i would think that for any input, its output serves as the reset for the others.

    as example:

    you press A 'a' goes high causing a reset on B C D E
    you then press B 'b' goes high causing a reset on A C D E

    some latches that have resets seems should get the job done?
  4. mentaaal

    Senior Member

    Oct 17, 2005
    have you done out a truth table for this circuit?
  5. millwood


    yeah, a flip-flop trigger by edges, not levels.
  6. melmac82

    Thread Starter New Member

    Jul 18, 2009
    I think I left out a couple of things in the first post... the circuit is an analog circuit and I don't have a clock signal to use with flip-flops. (At least all of the flip-flops that I have dealt with use a clock.) Also, the switches for each input are manual (like a light switch).

    I've had ideas about sending the signal from the switch to the S input of an RS latch with the signals from the other switches going to the Reset through a diode. Then I have problems because there would be an unstable condition on the latch, so I have to turn off the signal from the switch even if the switch is still engaged. (Haven't figured out how to do this yet though) Am I thinking in the right direction?
  7. KL7AJ

    AAC Fanatic!

    Nov 4, 2008

    Ever seen the selector bars on a Model 28 teleprinter? YIKES! :D
  8. melmac82

    Thread Starter New Member

    Jul 18, 2009
    Anyone else have any ideas?
  9. RiJoRI

    Well-Known Member

    Aug 15, 2007
    I fooled with the problem using Liberty BASIC, and got the following. Attached is a possible implementation with TTL logic. Note that the lines are actually 3-line buses, which should be expanded to 5.

    Code ( (Unknown Language)):
    2. ' This assumes only one switch closure at a time.
    3. '  Multiple simultaneous switch closures are
    4. '  rare in the real world.
    6. [Start]
    7. ' Replace this with hardware read
    8.     do
    9.         input InSw
    10.     loop until InSw <> History
    13. ' See which switch changed
    14.     ChgSw = InSw xor History
    16. ' Save Input Switches    
    17.     History = InSw
    19. ' Light only for the changed switch
    20.     ChgSw2 = ChgSw and InSw
    23.     if ChgSw2 > 0 then
    24.         OldSw = ChgSw2
    25.     end if
    26.     gosub [ShowSw]
    28.     goto [Start]
    30. [ShowSw]
    31.     if OldSw AND 4 then
    32.         print "1";
    33.     else
    34.         print "0";
    35.     end if
    37.     if OldSw AND 2 then
    38.         print "1";
    39.     else
    40.         print "0";
    41.     end if
    43.     if OldSw AND 1 then
    44.         print "1";
    45.     else
    46.         print "0";
    47.     end if
    48.     print ""
    49.     return