Increase frequency of AC voltage

Discussion in 'The Projects Forum' started by terrycpl, Jan 21, 2010.

  1. Ron H

    AAC Fanatic!

    Apr 14, 2005
    7,012
    681
    Another wonderful Rube Goldberg solution!
    I'm not making fun of you and studiot, I'm making fun of the OP's supervisor.

    If he was doing PWM, this frequency conversion would make sense, but he said it was a sine wave.

    If it turns out there is a good reason for doing this, I'll have to develop an appetite for crow.:D
     
  2. t06afre

    AAC Fanatic!

    May 11, 2009
    5,936
    1,228
    This will depend very much of duty cycle also. So I was somewhat unprecise. A motion picture do have a frame rate equal to 25 pictures pr second. As an example. So the magnitude of change is also important. A 50 Hz mains powered light bulb will change from on to off in a gradual manner. But we see the light as constant, at least then we do not stare directly into it.
     
  3. Ron H

    AAC Fanatic!

    Apr 14, 2005
    7,012
    681
    A 50Hz mains-powered bulb has a thermal time constant which reduces the amplitude of the flicker, and also doubles the frequency, so the flicker is basically invisible.
    PAL TV, with its 50Hz field rate, has flicker which bothers some people. NTSC, while generally inferior to PAL, has a 60Hz field rate, and is generally not perceived as flickering.
     
  4. Bernard

    Expert

    Aug 7, 2008
    5,130
    589
    Flicker has come up before here on AAC, last I remember[ imperfect] we decided 39Hz @ 50% duty cycle was acceptable for LEDs. This isn't the first strange or impractical request we've received, but if we can just answer POs question as stated ,I feel we have done our duty.
     
  5. t06afre

    AAC Fanatic!

    May 11, 2009
    5,936
    1,228
    It would help if the OP told us what, he/she want to achieve by doing this. Someone must have given this some chain of thought.
     
  6. THE_RB

    AAC Fanatic!

    Feb 11, 2008
    5,430
    1,311
    Yep, it's a good example of those vague questions that force everyone to be guessing while they are trying to help, and in the end it's all for nothing because the real solution would have been easy if the question had just included the basic info of WHAT they were wanting it to do, not "how do I do this weird thing?"
    ;)
     
  7. Ron H

    AAC Fanatic!

    Apr 14, 2005
    7,012
    681
    I suspect our OP was afraid to confront his supervisor for whatever reason. It might be a cultural thing. I know that when I was working, I occasionally had to confront mine, and I didn't hesitate, but I was diplomatic if I thought he was touchy. I lived (still do:)) and worked in the US. Things might be different in Hong Kong.
     
  8. terrycpl

    Thread Starter New Member

    Jan 12, 2010
    11
    1
    thanks for all your help..
    but, may i use rectifier to convert AC to DC then use inverter to convert DC to AC?
    If use inverter is it possible to get 80Hz AC?
     
  9. t06afre

    AAC Fanatic!

    May 11, 2009
    5,936
    1,228
    The definition of a AC voltage is. A voltage in which the polarity alternates. Then you are saying AC do you mean a pulsating DC voltage? Can you please post a schematic drawing of what you are planning to do, or some schematic of your current circuit
     
  10. terrycpl

    Thread Starter New Member

    Jan 12, 2010
    11
    1
    AC-DC converter
    then, DC-AC inverter
    220VAC input , 50 hZ from AC-DC converter, to get 5-10v dc output (by using rectifier)
    the voltage I want to get from The final DC-AC inverter is around 5VAC , 80Hz with 1A current
    for inverter, I am still studying the cirucit, may I get the 5VAC , 80Hz with 1A current output?
    Also is it using the thyristor? (as i see many book is talkiing about this and I never use it before)
     
  11. t06afre

    AAC Fanatic!

    May 11, 2009
    5,936
    1,228
    Oh I see. You need to build a sine wave oscillator. Then connect this sine wave to a amplifier circuit. I would recommend you to use an audio amplifier IC as amplifier as they are cheap, and easy to get your hands on.
     
  12. studiot

    AAC Fanatic!

    Nov 9, 2007
    5,003
    522
    The only reason I can think of why you might want such a low inverter frequency is backlight/backplane driving.

    http://www.tstonramp.com/~pddwebacc/lcd_backlights.htm

    If this is what you are doing you need a square or pulse wave not a sine wave.

    The more you explain the more help members will be able to supply..
     
  13. terrycpl

    Thread Starter New Member

    Jan 12, 2010
    11
    1
    Yes, the final pulse wave is square wave and actually I am doing the LED backlight.
    Why I want to get the sinewave before is that I have a circuit to change the sinewave to square wave.
    At the beginning , i just want to have frequency conversion form AC voltage to AC voltage and 50Hz to 80 Hz.

    However, I cannot do that....
    So now , AC to DC by rectifier then DC to AC by inverter

    1. But when I read reference about inverter, I don't understand what thyristor is ,
    and is it I must use thyristor to control the output freq ??
    2. it's seems inverter can have square wave output , if it is true, then i wanna to
    get this pulse wave with 80Hz directly, but how to design it?

    To t06afre
    amplifier circuit??
    what amplifier circuit?
     
  14. t06afre

    AAC Fanatic!

    May 11, 2009
    5,936
    1,228
    Perhaps a 555 timer, and a transistor/FET as the switching element could be the solution you want. I guess you also have to include a voltage regulator so you do not damage the LED backlight circuitry
     
  15. 3ldon

    Active Member

    Jan 9, 2010
    82
    3
    4 pages of comments and we come back to a 555. LOL

    No reason to use a thyrister, just hook up one of the hundreds of LED drivers as per the application note and use a 555 to turn the led on and off 80 times a second.
     
  16. terrycpl

    Thread Starter New Member

    Jan 12, 2010
    11
    1
    As I found the information of inverter, to build up a single-phase full Bridge inverter , it needs I need to build up four chopper (,aybe 4 transister),
    and build up a oscillator to provide square wave to control the on-off time of these four chopper to control the voltage freq on the load?

    for the chopper, any cirucit ref?
     
  17. Bernard

    Expert

    Aug 7, 2008
    5,130
    589
    You want to rectify 5 V AC 50 HZ, filter and generate 80 Hz or greator square wave [ 50% duty ] 5 V PP, using some electronics becides diodes?? Use comparator to select 50% point on 100PPS signal, driveng P ch, logic level, MOSFET to chop 5 V DC @ 100 PPS rate, to drive 100 75 Ω current limiting resistors & LEDs.
     
  18. terrycpl

    Thread Starter New Member

    Jan 12, 2010
    11
    1
    Sor, what comparator or mosfet you suggest? and if i use the mosfet, does it have around 1A output?
    And I wanna to get the sinwave or square wwave 5VAC

    As I found the information of inverter, to build up a single-phase full Bridge inverter , I need to build up four thyristor or chopper .

    there is a Gate of the thyristor, I don't kn how to develop the circuit to control the gate,
    To conrol the gate, it is controlled by a signal or current?
    If control signal, is it a need to develop a oscillaor as a input?
     
    Last edited: Jan 31, 2010
  19. Bernard

    Expert

    Aug 7, 2008
    5,130
    589
    Comparator.... LM393; P ch MOSFET....NTD25P03L,30V, 72mohm, enough As. Output , about 5V PP, pulsating DC @ 100 pps- put it thru capacitor and call it AC; i'm finished here.
     
Loading...