# How do you find the order of a passband filter??

#### zero_coke

Joined Apr 22, 2009
294
We have to design a passband filter and I have a bunch of filters now but I don't know how to determine what order they are.

#### crutschow

Joined Mar 14, 2008
30,092
You can measure the frequency response of the filters. The rolloff outside the passband determines the filter order with each order adding 6dB/octave, i.e. 1st order is 6dB/octave, 2nd order is 12dB/octave. etc.

#### zero_coke

Joined Apr 22, 2009
294
Do you have those #'s in decade? I know 1st order is 20 db / decade, what is 2nd and Nth order??

#### crutschow

Joined Mar 14, 2008
30,092

#### thatoneguy

Joined Feb 19, 2009
6,359

For switching between decade and octaves. 3.32 octaves in a decade. from: 3.32 = log2(10)

Do you have homework questions you haven't asked here?

Was the CPU one correct?

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#### zero_coke

Joined Apr 22, 2009
294
Haha! The CPU one is messed up because his wording of the question was so vague...I mean, apparently, I also found out that LOAD/POP also add to the AC, not replace its contents. So if AC contained say, "5", and we POP'ed "3" from the stack, the AC is now supposed to contain "8", not "3". Yeah and same thing with LOAD.

But anyways, we'll have to wait until he releases answer key for the homework so I can check...

Oh and about the filter, how can I tell what the order is by looking at the schematic? Is each pair of opamps = 1 order ?

#### thatoneguy

Joined Feb 19, 2009
6,359
Haha! The CPU one is messed up because his wording of the question was so vague...I mean, apparently, I also found out that LOAD/POP also add to the AC, not replace its contents. So if AC contained say, "5", and we POP'ed "3" from the stack, the AC is now supposed to contain "8", not "3". Yeah and same thing with LOAD.

But anyways, we'll have to wait until he releases answer key for the homework so I can check...

Oh and about the filter, how can I tell what the order is by looking at the schematic? Is each pair of opamps = 1 order ?
I'm curious as to what CPU would respond that way. Model # please, so I can stay away from it.

Filter: For passive filters, roughly each RC or RL pair adds an order (pole/zeros of functions if you do the math).
With active filters (op-amps), that isn't a rule, an extra capacitor can change the behavior entirely. There are entire books on op-amp filters and layouts, so I don't want to give you a "rule of thumb", unless you have several thumbs.

#### justtrying

Joined Mar 9, 2011
438
the very crude way is to look at the number of RC combinations - this will give you the number of poles

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#### crutschow

Joined Mar 14, 2008
30,092

etc.

etc.

#### thatoneguy

Joined Feb 19, 2009
6,359