# Explain how to calculate voltage (transients)

#### Winten

Joined Nov 12, 2010
2
Lets say we have this circuit: Lets say that it it was still, and at t=1 sec the switch was turned down. Then from 1-5 switch up, and 5-6 switch down again. I calculated currents in this current time:

So, at t=1, I = 5
t=5, I=7.16
t=6, I=6,54

So now how can I calculate inductor voltage for these time moments.

Can i simply use ohms law? How does the graph suppose to look like, does voltage always going down?

And how it is known that voltage of the inductor starts of the 5V?

Last edited:

#### Jony130

Joined Feb 17, 2009
5,089
Well at time T=1 the coil current is equal
IL = 15V/2Ω = 7.5A and voltage on inductor is 0V
And now if you open the switch the current in the inductor wants to decrease to 15V/3Ω=5A with time constant L/R = 0.333s.

So when we open the switch the voltage in the inductor will change from 0V to UL = 15V - ( 3Ω * 7.5A) = -7.5V
Becaues inductance wants 7.5A current to flow in the circuit.
And after 5*L/R = 1.66s ( T = 2.66s) current in the inductor will be equal 5A and voltage across inductor equal 0V.
And now at time T=5s we close the switch.
Coil wants 5A continues to flow, so inductor voltage will be equal
UL = 15V - (5A*2
Ω) = 5V
And current in inductor
will keep increasing from 5A to 7.5 with time constant L/R = 0.5s
And at time 6s when we again open the switch current in the inductor reach 0.86 * 7.5A = 6.48A
So induce voltage will be equal UL = 15V - (3Ω*6.48A) -4.45V.

#### mik3

Joined Feb 4, 2008
4,843
VL=L*dI/dt

substitute I with the exponential equation for I in each case and you will get the voltage across the inductor.