# does a cell phone charger consume power when phone is not connected?

#### PG1995

Joined Apr 15, 2011
818
Hi

Two stupid people were having a discussion, by the way one was me, that whether the cell phone charger consumes power or not when it is not connected to the phone (assuming it is connected to the mains). I was of the opinion that it does consume power. It outputs DC current which can be thought of as a continuous push of electrons. Think of someone pushing a wall. Although, in physics terms, no work is being done, 'biological' energy is still being invested. Likewise, electrons at the tip of charger's pin which goes into the cell phone are continuously pushed but they can't flow outward. It's just like a water pump which is continuously pumping water but the pumped water is not used for any useful activity. I have noticed that charger, connected to the mains, gets hot even when no cell phone is connected. Please let me know if I'm correct. Thank you.

Regards
PG

#### Crispin

Joined Jul 4, 2011
89
It would be consuming power but very little which would be due to losses, not nearly what you would see when it is charging.

Not sure on your explanation, someone cleverer than I will be along and give a proper explination

#### colinb

Joined Jun 15, 2011
351
It outputs DC current which can be thought of as a continuous push of electrons. Think of someone pushing a wall. Although, in physics terms, no work is being done, 'biological' energy is still being invested. Likewise, electrons at the tip of charger's pin which goes into the cell phone are continuously pushed but they can't flow outward. It's just like a water pump which is continuously pumping water but the pumped water is not used for any useful activity.
You have some right ideas and wrong ideas here. Yes, you can think of current flow as electrons being pushed through the wire, or water in a pipe. But if no electrons are flowing, then the current (I, in amps) is zero. If current is zero, then power P=IE is zero as well. Therefore in order to consume power (and thus energy), current must flow.

I have noticed that charger, connected to the mains, gets hot even when no cell phone is connected.
That is a good observation. The increased temperature of the charger means something is converting electrical energy to thermal energy, thus consuming electrical power.

The cell phone charger is an offline ac-dc switching regulator, which should consume much less power when nothing is being charged, but there is still going to be some quiescent current draw, the standby power.

#### PackratKing

Joined Jul 13, 2008
847
Unless your chgr has an onboard "off " switch, it will continue to draw thru the primary of its T1. whether hooked to the phone or no.

#### Wendy

Joined Mar 24, 2008
22,206
Most chargers have a light (LED), so there is some power used for it too. Not much, but still...

#### colinb

Joined Jun 15, 2011
351
Unless your chgr has an onboard "off " switch, it will continue to draw thru the primary of its T1. whether hooked to the phone or no.
That would be so on a linear power supply, but is not necessarily true for offline ac/dc converters, depending on the specific topology. The transformer winding may not be connected directly to line power, but switched on and off by the control electronics as needed.

#### colinb

Joined Jun 15, 2011
351
An interesting item to own is an Energy Usage Monitor.
Very inexpensive and will answer the question as to component consumption.
Has anyone considered that these energy usage monitoring devices such as the popular Kill A Watt use power themselves? How much power is wasted by the measurement device?

#### tom66

Joined May 9, 2009
2,595
Power Integrations make an offline AC-DC converter controller IC which (in combination with all other components) uses only 5mW, which is practically zero power. It would take 1.75 years to cost a single penny of electricity with that where I live.

#### BMorse

Joined Sep 26, 2009
2,675
Has anyone considered that these energy usage monitoring devices such as the popular Kill A Watt use power themselves? How much power is wasted by the measurement device?

so, plug a Kill A Watt into a Kill A Watt so we could measure the power consumption of the power consumption metering device ....

Joined Jul 7, 2009
1,583
How much power is wasted by the measurement device?
Well, the only way to be sure is measure one. However, I've taken mine apart and from inspecting the construction, I would be quite surprised if the whole thing dissipated more than a watt. See attached picture.

#### Smoke_Maker

Joined Sep 24, 2007
126
Hi

that whether the cell phone charger consumes power or not when it is not connected to the phone (assuming it is connected to the mains).
Regards
PG
Been in that discussion myself, the conclusion we came to is YES. If it get warm like you said then it is consuming energy. We also came up with some other interesting observations,

1. How accurate is the power company meters? and at what what will it see current flow.

2. We don't pay for BAD power factor just the current flowing through the meter.

3. Electrons have mass.

This is my understanding at this point in my education.

#### CraigHB

Joined Aug 12, 2011
127
Standy power consumption for consumer devices can be a big concern. Most electronic devices these days do not actually turn off, but go into a standy mode when you hit the power button. For some of them, standby power consumption is pretty liberal, just bad engineering in my opinion.

People have been saying to use power strips for your devices and turn them off via the power strip when not using them. I do that whenever I can, but some devices do wierd things (like failing to retain user settings) when turning them on and off that way.

The solution is that enginners need to build consumer devices with very low standby power consumption. With modern electronics, it's really not hard to do.

The same can be said for things like cell phone chargers. They can be designed for minimal power consumption when idle. The fact they get warm indicates they still consume some power when not doing anything.

#### The Electrician

Joined Oct 9, 2007
2,814
Well, the only way to be sure is measure one. However, I've taken mine apart and from inspecting the construction, I would be quite surprised if the whole thing dissipated more than a watt. See attached picture.
My Kill-A-Watt draws 21.66 mA from a 120 VAC line. The real power is .215 watts. The apparent power is 2.656 VA with a power factor of about .08

The charger for my LG cell phone draws (with the phone not connected) 1.72 mA from a 120 VAC line. The real power is .086 watts with a .41 power factor; that's impressive!

With the phone charging, it draws 1.48 watts and the power factor goes up to .86

#### colinb

Joined Jun 15, 2011
351
My Kill-A-Watt draws 21.66 mA from a 120 VAC line. The real power is .215 watts. The apparent power is 2.656 VA with a power factor of about .08
Well, 215 mW may not sound like a lot, but with all the commotion about standby power consumption of household electronics (aka vampire power aka phantom power), an extra 215 mW continuous for your energy measurement device seems like a lot to me. Once again, poor engineering. All it needs is a tiny MCU (less than 30 mW) and an ADC (a few mW) as well as a segmented LCD driver (less than 1 mW).

#### VoodooMojo

Joined Nov 28, 2009
505
Well, 215 mW may not sound like a lot, but with all the commotion about standby power consumption of household electronics (aka vampire power aka phantom power), an extra 215 mW continuous for your energy measurement device seems like a lot to me. Once again, poor engineering. All it needs is a tiny MCU (less than 30 mW) and an ADC (a few mW) as well as a segmented LCD driver (less than 1 mW).
sounds like a profitable venture for an entrepreneurial spirit....maybe another opportunity for loosewire to exploit?

#### colinb

Joined Jun 15, 2011
351
Well, the only way to be sure is measure one. However, I've taken mine apart and from inspecting the construction, I would be quite surprised if the whole thing dissipated more than a watt. See attached picture.
Have you analyzed the circuit board? I am curious about how it works. If you have a chance to post high resolution close-up photos of the circuit board (ideally both sides), we could draw some conclusions about the device's power supply methods, and I am curious what kind of microcontroller is used and what type of ADC or dedicated power measurement IC is used, if any.