Description the working of Fire alarm System with Automatic Exit Door Unlock

Thread Starter

NTCM

Joined Apr 17, 2013
8
Dears
could you please support and help ASAP to describe technically of the attached circuit

Description the working of the circuit (How is it working)?
Function of each elements in the circuit ?


The idea of the circuit (Fire alarm System with Automatic Exit Door Unlock)
a smoke detector alarm circuit connected with a relay to unlock the emergency exit door. When the sensor detects smoke, it triggers a current to flow to the relay and energized it and thus, will unlock the door
The output of the circuit door unlock automatically + Exit light ON + Sound
 

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Dodgydave

Joined Jun 22, 2012
9,479
The photo led emits a beam of light to the photo transistor, when there are smoke particles in the chamber the photo transistor turns off, turning on transistors T1, T2 which fires the gate on the thyristor T3, and latches the relay on,T4 also turns on and sounds the buzzer and puts the led D1 on. The preset P1 will allow for different sensitivity of smoke, P2 for gate voltage.
 

eetech00

Joined Jun 8, 2013
1,995
Dears
could you please support and help ASAP to describe technically of the attached circuit

Description the working of the circuit (How is it working)?
Function of each elements in the circuit ?


The idea of the circuit (Fire alarm System with Automatic Exit Door Unlock)
a smoke detector alarm circuit connected with a relay to unlock the emergency exit door. When the sensor detects smoke, it triggers a current to flow to the relay and energized it and thus, will unlock the door
The output of the circuit door unlock automatically + Exit light ON + Sound
Hi

I would redesign the circuit so that if the circuit fails, the relay would de-energize, and unlock the exit door.
Maybe use an OSC to generate a regularly occurring pulse that, when sensed by a detector, would maintain energy to the
relay, keeping it energized.

eT
 
Last edited:

Alec_t

Joined Sep 17, 2013
11,665
Don't know where in the world you are, but AFIK here in the UK emergency exit doors in public buildings have to be kept unlocked if the building is occupied.
 
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