Most are quite happy as long as the original source is quoted and attribution of original authorship is given. The general advice is you should seek permission for use (which can be a pain depending on the circumstances in which you are citing the source).Small extracts published as part of a review are generally regarded as OK.
"original" work. I agree. Very difficult to prove, especialy if of simple design. nevermind not woth pursuing as well.The OP says "their content" which to me refers to all forms of fixed original work by a publisher, which could include the written expression (schematic) of a PCB design.
Copyright doesn't cover the design idea, though, it only covers the expressed manner of the design."original" work. I agree. Very difficult to prove, especialy if of simple design. nevermind not woth pursuing as well.
Yes i agree, "idea" no- but it does have to be "original" work of the author.Copyright doesn't cover the design idea, though, it only covers the expressed manner of the design.
Copyright law can get quite complex, particularly when coupled with other IP protections.
I'm sure Microsoft now permit you to create one copy of the media upon which Windows is distributed for back-up purposes.It is also legal in the UK (but not I believe North America) to make one copy only of a DVD etc for backup purposes, provided you do not show the content to another person.
This is not true of books however.
Interestingly of course, Microsoft is renowned for guarding its software copyrights.
Current discussion for instance is about how many 'copies' of Windows are running on multicore processors.
But they still invite you to break their own licence about not 'copying' their code by providing a backup instruction which can backup the entire system including their code!
When I worked at a large (U.S.) corporation, all of us involved with intellectual property had to sit through a session on copyright put on by one of the site's legal staff. (This might have been instigated by upper management in response to a patent infringement case that I know wound up costing the company millions of dollars, although it was kept pretty quiet.) At any rate, the lawyer stated it very simply: if someone else has written/published something and you copy it, you're violating the copyright owner's copyright. He also emphasized that changing the form of expression (e.g., typing the words into a word processor) doesn't matter -- you're still violating the copyright. Basically, the message was you can't legally make a copy of it unless you know it's in the public domain or you have the copyright owner's permission. That's the law. Whether or not it's for "commercial gain" is irrelevant.publishers are usually pretty guarded about anyone reproducing their content.
in simple terms, whats the legal position when for our purposes no commercial gain is involved?
More or less, but the phrase 'the copyright owner's permission' is open to interpretation.Basically, the message was you can't legally make a copy of it unless you know it's in the public domain or you have the copyright owner's permission. That's the law.
In the US at least, that's well covered under the fair use doctrine. There are no absolute rules and important situations get duked out in court. Basically, the problem is as follows: if you quote n sentences (words, pages, whatever) from my work, how big does n have to be before it becomes copyright infringement? The answer depends on a number of factors; n can be small in one case and substantially larger in another case.More or less, but the phrase 'the copyright owner's permission' is open to interpretation.
You can have express permission or implied permission.
Say I was a book reviewer and you sent me a book you had written, for review, but without express permission to reproduce anything.
I believe you would be unable to substantiate not having granted me implied permission by your actions to include quotations in my review.
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