Circuit with lamps and diodes

Discussion in 'Homework Help' started by AD633, Jun 24, 2013.

  1. AD633

    Thread Starter Member

    Jun 22, 2013
    Consider the circuit shown in Figure.All diodes are ideal. Knowing that the maximum electrical specifications of the lamps are VL = 6 V and PL = 120 mW, determine:

    1)The state of operation of each of the diodes.

    2 ) The lamps do not light up and they get damaged. Justify each case.

    3)The lamps that light up without exceeding the maximum specifications. Justify each case.

    4)Equivalent resistance of the circuit (RIn)

    1)Considering that Vs=12 V and Vl=6 V i would say:

    D1 ON,D2 OFF,D3 ON,D4 ON, D5 OFF

    2)L1,L5 dont light up.

    For analyze what lamps got damage i did:

     Ilamp=(120 mW)/(6 V)=0.02 A  <br />
<br />
Rlamp=(120 mW)/(0.02 A)^2=300 Ohm<br />
<br />

    Then i calculated the current that goes through:


     IL2=(12-0.7-0.7)/(300 Ohm)=35 mA  which is > 20 mA so L2 gets damaged(too much power dissipated on L2)

    For L4 and L5,

    <br />
IL4=IL5=(12-0.7-0.7)/(600)=17,6 mA  so these lamps dont get damaged.

    4)  Rin=((300 *300)(300+300)) + 600 =750 Ohm

    Is this correct?

    Last edited: Jun 24, 2013
  2. AD633

    Thread Starter Member

    Jun 22, 2013
    Anyone to check this calculations?

  3. JoeJester

    AAC Fanatic!

    Apr 26, 2005

    Answer 1 is correct. D2, D5 are reversed biased. D1, D3, D4 are forward biased.

    Answer 2 is Lamp 1 and Lamp 3 are not energized. Lamp 2 was possibly destroyed due to excessive current. Lamp 4 and Lamp 5 are energized.

    You correctly identified the current through the Lamps.

    You correctly identified the equivalent resistance of the lamps.

    Answer 3. L2 current calculation is correct and is the reason of the failure.

    Lamp 4 and Lamp 5 current calculation is correct.

    Answer 4. Rin Calculation is not correct.

    Disregarding the forward biased diodes, Lamp 2 is in parallel with Lamp 4 and Lamp 5. Your formula does not reflect that reality. Revisit and redraw if necessary to do the correct calculation.

    Of course your theoretical diodes will be zero ohms when they are forward biased for the resistance calculations. I doubt you would get near that calculation in real life.
    Last edited: Jun 25, 2013