# Characteristics of a three phase circuit

Discussion in 'Homework Help' started by labhelp, Sep 20, 2010.

1. ### labhelp Thread Starter New Member

Jan 28, 2010
28
0
In this problem i have a three phase power source supplying a balanced three phase load over a transmission line having impedance of Z=2+j20 ohms per phase. The voltage at the source end of the transmmission line is 2887 volts line to neutral. The current supplied through the transmission line is I=100 /-30° A.

I have to determine the power factor seen by the source and the line to neutral source at the load.
Also, I have to determine the power factor of the load and the real and reactive power consumed by the load.

My work:
θ=0-(-30)=30°
pf=cos(30°)= 0.866 lagging

I keep thinking that the line to neutral voltage at the load is the same as the source line to neutral but I'm not sure how to actually calculate this

2. ### t_n_k AAC Fanatic!

Mar 6, 2009
5,448
790
Your power factor value looks good.

You know the line impedance and the line current. Calculate the (complex) potential drop across the line impedance. Subtract this from the source voltage and you will have the load voltage. And so forth .....

3. ### labhelp Thread Starter New Member

Jan 28, 2010
28
0
Awesome, heres my work:

Vl=100/-30*(2+j20)
=1173.2+j1632

Vln= 2887 - (1173.2+j1632)
= 1713.8-j1632
= 2366.54 /-43.6

Then I worked on the power factor for the load and got an impossible answer

Iload= (1713.8-j1632)/(2+j20) = -72.31-j92.92= 117.74 /52.11

But then I get
θ= -43.6-52.11= -95.71
which is wrong

4. ### t_n_k AAC Fanatic!

Mar 6, 2009
5,448
790
You have the correct load voltage.

The line and load currents will be the same.

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