Basic circuit math

Thread Starter

Razor Concepts

Joined Oct 7, 2008
214
Here is the circuit, and I am trying to find V2:

The current is conventional, and a constant 2A. The 8v voltage source is also constant.

I try to think of these as how they would work in real life, but to me it just looks like the circuit will blow up, as it seems impossible to get a constant 2 amps on the left and a constant 8 volts on the right simultaneously.

Any ideas?
 

crutschow

Joined Mar 14, 2008
27,960
I got the answer - don't treat the 8v as a constant-voltage source. V2 = 20 volts
Not true. You did treat the 8V as a constant-voltage source (since that is how it is defined). Thus 2A times 6Ω gives 12V which is added to the constant-voltage 8V, giving the 20V you came up with.
 
Current flowing in the circuit is 2 A

therefore V2 = 8 Volts + (6 * 2) Volts

Edit: sorry i didn't read your question completely last time.

If you plot the characteristic graph for voltage and current source (voltage on the x axis and current on y axis), then for voltage source it is vertical and for current source it is horizontal.

Note: considered ideal voltage and current source.
 
Last edited:

JMac3108

Joined Aug 16, 2010
348
Razor,

For this circuit you just have to think about the two sources and what they are doing.

The voltage source is forcing 8V at the right side of the 6 ohm resistor.

The current source is forcing 2A to flow through the entire loop. Yes, this means 2A back through the voltage source.

Given this, you can see how others calculated the 20V at V2. The 6 ohm resistor has V=(2A)(6ohm)=12V across it. The 2A current is flowing left-to-right in your diagram, therefore the voltage at V2 is 12V above the 8V voltage source, or 20V.

Your real-world comment is valid. In the real world the circuit might not work. It depends on the properties if the voltage and current source. Maybe the voltage source can sink current, and maybe it can't. But for purposes of this problem and circuit analysis, you have to treat them as ideal sources.
 
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