AUDIO CDs

Thread Starter

n9xv

Joined Jan 18, 2005
329
Here's a question for all you audio files out there. One of my bigger (more expensive) hobbies is sound reproduction. I like "BIG" audio. I like to feel as if I'am actually in concert when I listen to a sound system etc. I also do alot of track ripping for MP3/portabl players etc. I am up to speed as far as the basic understanding of how recording/playing a CD works. The CD is composed of pits and lands that a laser reflects on/off from to produce the digital output which is then converted to analogue etc.

What I dont quite understand is this:

If a CD is digital (on/off), why do some CDs have lower output than others for the same volume level on the amplifier?

I know that many CD track ripping utilities have an option for adjusting volume level to account for this phenomena.

But, on any CD the pits & lands are all the same (same depth, width etc) so what causes different volume levels from one CD to another?
 

mozikluv

Joined Jan 22, 2004
1,437
hi

i believe not all recording companies use the same volume level and equipments. likewise there are pirated cds which has poor sound reproduction. :rolleyes:
 

Brandon

Joined Dec 14, 2004
306
Originally posted by n9xv@Apr 6 2005, 01:22 AM
Here's a question for all you audio files out there. One of my bigger (more expensive) hobbies is sound reproduction. I like "BIG" audio. I like to feel as if I'am actually in concert when I listen to a sound system etc. I also do alot of track ripping for MP3/portabl players etc. I am up to speed as far as the basic understanding of how recording/playing a CD works. The CD is composed of pits and lands that a laser reflects on/off from to produce the digital output which is then converted to analogue etc.

What I dont quite understand is this:

If a CD is digital (on/off), why do some CDs have lower output than others for the same volume level on the amplifier?

I know that many CD track ripping utilities have an option for adjusting volume level to account for this phenomena.

But, on any CD the pits & lands are all the same (same depth, width etc) so what causes different volume levels from one CD to another?
[post=6755]Quoted post[/post]​
Same way that a computer can run a program even tho its just 1s and 0s. A collection of 1s and 0s (its 16 bit, so every 16 digits) corresponds to a voltage level stored as a 16 bit number. This number basically gets converted (D to A) into a voltage level which is driven by a power amp and you have sound. Also, the CD is sampled normally at 44.1 Khz so 44100 of those 16bit words get read per second.

Additionally, all recording media has a voltage head room which corresponds to the effective range that a stored media has to play with in term of volumes of sounds which can be heard on that media. CDs typically have 120-130 dB of head room. Tapes in the 80-90 range, records in the 60-80 range. Maximum headroom is about 150 dB, but its not possible to get it right now since the act of A to D conversion adds noise into all digital recordings.
 

Thread Starter

n9xv

Joined Jan 18, 2005
329
(Brandon) Additionally, all recording media has a voltage head room which corresponds to the effective range that a stored media has to play with in term of volumes of sounds which can be heard on that media. CDs typically have 120-130 dB of head room. Tapes in the 80-90 range, records in the 60-80 range. Maximum headroom is about 150 dB, but its not possible to get it right now since the act of A to D conversion adds noise into all digital recordings.
I've never encountered that asspect before - From the recording end of the equation. Can you tell me where I might find more research/info on that concept?

Thanks and I'll keep checking.
 
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