# analyzing op-amp full wave rectifier

Thread Starter

#### justtrying

Joined Mar 9, 2011
432
I am having some issues with a full analysis of this circuit. I have to be able to completely analyze all currents etc. I now how it works intuitively, but in detail is another question. Here is what I have so far...

Positive cycle:

- looking at U1, positive input is at ground, therefore neg input is also at ground (an assumption we are allowed to make)

- output is inverted therefore D1 is on and D2 is off

- voltage at node 3 is -Vin because I = (0-Vin)/R=(V3-0)/R

- voltage at node 5 is 0

- looking at U2 and applying similar concepts, -Vin is inverted to provide a Vin on the output.

Negative cycle:

This is where the problems begin. I was trying to apply the same logic (assuming it is not faulty), D1 is off and D2 is on. With this then 0.7V of the diode will be subtracted from the output which is already a problem as this configuration supposed to be free from diode effects. And then I found an unexplained analysis in the textbook which looks at how the current splits between upper and lower branches in ratio of 1:2. I am not so clear where that comes from as upper branch has 3 resistors although they are shared between two op amps. To make a long story short, I am not sure how to analyze it correctly using current.

#### t_n_k

Joined Mar 6, 2009
5,455
In the negative cycle, IR1 (flowing from 1 to 4)=V1/1k.

The current flowing back to U1 summing junction is the current flowing in both R2 & R6. The current in R2 can't come via D1 so must come from U2 via R4. The current in R6 comes from U1 via diode D2.

We can assume that U2 inputs are at the same potential with the negative feedback arrangement on U2 - hence V5=V6=Vx

It is therefore required that (with node 1 at zero volts)

Current in R6 + Current in R2 & R4 in series= Current in R1

or

Vx/R6+Vx/(R2+R4)=V1/R1

or

Vx/1k+Vx/2k=V1/1k

or

3Vx=2V1

Hence

Vx=2*V1/3

But (with D1 not conducting)

Vout=R5*(Vx)/(R2+R4)+Vx

or

Vout=1k*(2*V1/3)/(2k)+2*V1/3=V1/3+2*V1/3=V1

Last edited:
• justtrying
Thread Starter

#### justtrying

Joined Mar 9, 2011
432
that makes sense, thank you. I was on the right track, but was not sure if I was supposed to add the voltages in the end. I see better now where the resistors belong.