Yet another newbie, Current limiting resistor

Discussion in 'General Electronics Chat' started by bsfrye, Feb 20, 2009.

  1. bsfrye

    Thread Starter Member

    Feb 20, 2009
    23
    0
    I am very, very new to electronics. I do understand some, but I lack any real foundation and am hoping someone can answer this.

    Here is what I want to achieve. I have a motor driver (LMD18200). The chip can handle 3 amps continuous, and 6 amps peak. I have the chip driving a DC motor. The DC motor may draw up to 7 or 8 amps when the motor is stalled. Running, it only draws about 2 to 2.5. The problem is that my mechanical system relies on the motor stalling when it has reached a hard limit. This is a normal condition for this mechanism. That 7 or 8 amps can burn up my motor driver....

    After reading some stuff online, I though that I could connect a GIANT 2 ohm resistor between the power source (12 volt car battery) and the input to the motor driver circuit. Using ohms law, I = 12v / 2 ohm, I = 6 amps. So that means at MOST only 6 amps will reach my motor driver? Am I missing something - or is it really that simple? I understand cars really put out more than 12 volts, and perhaps I want to tweak the resistor value to NOT be so close to the limit of the chip. Any input would be helpful. THanks so much,

    Does that effect current flow under regular conditions? In other words, am I goign to be starving my motor under normal conditions?
     
  2. TanTJ

    Member

    Mar 6, 2008
    21
    0
    Your calculations are close, but you also need to take into consideration the resistance of the motor itself. If it's designed to draw 8 amps at stall at 12 volts, then the resistance of the motor is 1.5 ohms. Since you need total max current to be 6 amps you would only need an additional 0.5 ohms of resistance, but it would need to be a HUGE resistor. The resistor would drop 3 volts and since the max current through it would be 6 amps that gives you a power dissipation of 18 watts. You need to double that for safety so you would need to find a 36 watt 0.5 ohm resistor. :eek: That's a big darn resistor!

    I'm sure somebody else will chime in, but I've heard a good way to regulate current to a motor is with Pulse Width Modulation. This way there is no need for huge current limiting resistors, but it does involve some fairly complicated electronics. I'm not at that point yet, but I'm sure someone else can point you in the right direction.
     
  3. eblc1388

    Senior Member

    Nov 28, 2008
    1,542
    102
    Rather than using external means like series resistor to limit the current, why not take a closer look at the LMD18200 datasheet from National Semiconductor and see what is already built in.

    It has a section mentioning what happens if there is an overload due to shorted motor turns or locked rotor. Quoted directly from the datasheet:

     
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