Voltage Regulator

Discussion in 'General Electronics Chat' started by ELECTRONERD, May 31, 2009.

  1. ELECTRONERD

    Thread Starter Senior Member

    May 26, 2009
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    Hey Guys,

    Could I use one of those power transistors as a voltage regulator? I would think to put a zener diode at the output to keep the voltage steady. I need a 12V 11A (continuous current) output. Would any transistors handle this current? Please show me how this is done!
     
  2. Wendy

    Moderator

    Mar 24, 2008
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  3. ELECTRONERD

    Thread Starter Senior Member

    May 26, 2009
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    Thanks Bill,

    I would have multiple transistors, but how many do you think I would need for 11A? I could definitely get heatsinks and then also one of those compact fans found in hard drives.
     
  4. Wendy

    Moderator

    Mar 24, 2008
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    Couple of points, what is the input voltage?

    We've already established you want 11A 12VDC out.

    This design has major flaws, there is a reason circuits with lots of components exist. You *might* be able to sqeek by if your load isn't too picky.

    11A is going to get hot no matter what design you use.
     
  5. ELECTRONERD

    Thread Starter Senior Member

    May 26, 2009
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    Hey Bill,

    I see... Well This depends on the transistors, their min and max voltages. I could have a 12V input and output... How would you go about this?
     
  6. SgtWookie

    Expert

    Jul 17, 2007
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    If you need a supply for that much current, you'll be better off getting a switching supply that's already built. Otherwise, you'll have quite a room heater. :eek:

    Here are a couple of options from MPJA.com:
    http://www.mpja.com/prodinfo.asp?number=16020+PS
    12V @ 12.5A, $40.75+shipping.

    If you want to perhaps save some money and do some tinkering, you could start with this:
    http://www.mpja.com/prodinfo.asp?number=17383+PS
    400W A-POWER ATX POWER SUPPLY 20/24 PIN
    It has a +12v output @ 15A, $21.95+shipping.
    Then do a Google search for "ATX Bench Supply" for lots of ideas.
     
  7. ELECTRONERD

    Thread Starter Senior Member

    May 26, 2009
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    Thanks Wookie,

    I do want to save money so that alternative looks good.

    Thanks!
     
  8. studiot

    AAC Fanatic!

    Nov 9, 2007
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    11 amps, 12 volts.

    If you don't mind my asking, what do you want to do with this?

    I ask because some applications ( eg battery charging) don't require smoothing making any such supply that much easier, lighter, cheaper and more efficient.
     
  9. ELECTRONERD

    Thread Starter Senior Member

    May 26, 2009
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    I'm also an amateur radio operator and so I need this to power a 2-meter radio that I have (DR-140 by Alinco). With that power I'll be able to have an output 50W.
     
  10. studiot

    AAC Fanatic!

    Nov 9, 2007
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    There are others here with far better knowledge than I have of amateur transmitters.

    Hopefully one of these will respond.
     
  11. ELECTRONERD

    Thread Starter Senior Member

    May 26, 2009
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    Awww...I just need `12V and 11A thats all. Your a WHOLE lot smarter than me :rolleyes:.
     
  12. radiohead

    Active Member

    May 28, 2009
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    In radio sets, the amperage rating is the absolute maximum. I would suggest going with one of SGT Wookies ideas for power supplies. They would require a lot less effort to get your radio rig up and going. Plus, you don't have to engineer and build a power supply unless you want to. Obviously, you know that you need an FCC license to transmit on the amateur radio band, just throwing that out there for those who don't know.
     
  13. Wendy

    Moderator

    Mar 24, 2008
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    Radio Transmitters do not respond well to switchers, their noise leaks through. You could use a gel cell to provide the current, assuming you aren't going to have this transmitter on continously, and trickle charge the battery when it's off. This would average out the current you need to something lower.

    Bill
    KB5BNW (technician's license)
     
  14. bertus

    Administrator

    Apr 5, 2008
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  15. radiohead

    Active Member

    May 28, 2009
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    If it has to be "RF Tight" can you put it in a metal enclosure and put some ferrite supressor beads on the input and output cables?
     
  16. ELECTRONERD

    Thread Starter Senior Member

    May 26, 2009
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    I will need capacitors probably on the output to supress some of the RF oscillations...
     
  17. bertus

    Administrator

    Apr 5, 2008
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    Hello,

    Did you see L1, L2 and C10 at the output of the schematic provided?
    Also the metal housing is for making it RF tight.

    Greetings,
    Bertus
     
  18. hobbyist

    Distinguished Member

    Aug 10, 2008
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    Electronerd,
    I thought you were extreeeeeemely new to electronics, thats why I was replying to your posts on transistor amps, (darlington amp thread) in a elementry way, but after reading this post your far above than what I thought. You probably understand this stuff more than me, when it comes to RF circuits I'm as far as just building little rf oscilators, that's about it.
     
  19. ELECTRONERD

    Thread Starter Senior Member

    May 26, 2009
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    I've been doing electronics for several years but I still consider myself extremely new... I had to study RF stuff to obtain my Extra class license from the FCC, but I only had to study the basic elementary principles. I knew of the CE, CB, CC configurations but I wanted to know how to design them myself. Only then would I be "truly" satisfied. Once I know how to turn the transistors "on" if you will, I can then design with them. I appreciate all your support, your responses have been very helpful! Although if you have any questions on RF, I would be glad to try and answer them. ;) I also urge you to obtain your Technician class license, for it has provided me with a lot of fun!
     
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