VA specs for CT transformer

Discussion in 'General Electronics Chat' started by atferrari, Nov 24, 2012.

  1. atferrari

    Thread Starter AAC Fanatic!

    Jan 6, 2004
    2,648
    764
    Transformer with following specs:

    Prim 220V Sec 36V CT
    Power 50 VA

    After implementing a diode bridge and a 2 x 5000uF filter, I measured first:

    - 25,4V - 0 mA
    -23,7V - 270 mA
    -22,4V - 620 mA
    -21,3V - 1000 mA

    and later:

    +25,4V - 0 mA
    +23,7V - 250 mA
    +22,6V - 620 mA
    +21,3V - 1000 mA

    Ridiculous as it sounds a big box with power resistors is missing from my bench thus the separate test of each branch.

    I tried to come up to 1390 mA but after burning several small value resistors I decided to stop.

    I always get confused about the VA spec for CT transformers, thus my question: provided the specs are true, how much current (maximum possible) should I obtain from each output at the same time?

    1390 mA or just 695mA?
     
  2. BillB3857

    Senior Member

    Feb 28, 2009
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    Since the voltage from CT to each end of the secondary is 1/2 of the end-end voltage, calculate each, then add.
     
  3. atferrari

    Thread Starter AAC Fanatic!

    Jan 6, 2004
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    So, as per the above, 695 mA.

    Now, what if I load the + output with 1000 mA; should I be able to get 390 from the - output?

    Is it how it works?
     
  4. #12

    Expert

    Nov 30, 2010
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    One of the things you must consider is that the rectified voltage times the current is the wattage you are getting out of the transformer. In addition, the configuration of the rectifiers affects the net current you can use. This datasheet from Hammond tells the factors to use with each type of rectifier to avoid over stressing the transformer.
     
  5. The Electrician

    AAC Fanatic!

    Oct 9, 2007
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    This transformer's rating means that you can connect a resistive load across the whole 36 VAC winding and draw 50/36 = 1.39 amps; this means 1.39 amps from each end of the winding at the same time. However you can't draw 1.39 amps DC after the rectifier and filter because the current in the windings will be larger than 1.39 amps RMS.

    See this thread: http://forum.allaboutcircuits.com/showthread.php?t=68839

    Post #3 of that thread applies specifically to your center tapped secondary.

    The question of whether you can draw different currents from the - output and the + output, and how large those currents can be will require a somewhat different technique than I described for the case where there are not different + and - output currents..
     
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