Selecting The Correct Amp Fuse!

Discussion in 'General Electronics Chat' started by TOWNWRENCH, Dec 29, 2007.

  1. TOWNWRENCH

    TOWNWRENCH Thread Starter New Member

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    Cant Seem To Find The Answer On This One.when Adding A Circuit To A Truck Example:extra Lighting On A New Circuit,how Do Determine The Correct Amp Fuse.i Know There Is A Formula. Sources I've Tryed Seem Too Complicated.seems Most Mechanics I Know Say Just Throw A 20 Amp In There.and Then I Ask, How Did You Know That And They Say The Swag Method (some Wild _ss Guess)!thanks For The Help This Will Clear Up A Lot Of Other Unanswered Questions On Electrical Issues
    Townwrench
  2. hgmjr

    hgmjr Moderator Staff Member

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    Fuseology paper

    Above is a link to a document that explains some of the things to consider when choosing a fuse.

    hgmjr
  3. techroomt

    techroomt Senior Member

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    a fuse rating should be chosen to protect the conductor (wire) it is serving. furthermore the wire should be chosen to adequately serve the load it is providing for. a smaller (less amperage) rated fuse can be used, as long as it is greater then the load requires. a common misconception is that the fuse solely protects the load or device. likely the device will be damaged long before the fuse blows.
  4. macmarty15221

    macmarty15221 New Member

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    I have a noobish question about fuses, and that is whether a fuse should be chosen specifically on Amperage. Let's say that I have a 5v DC supply rated at 1 amp. Is it OK to choose a .75 amp fuse which is rated for 125v?

    Or does a fuse get rated according to Watts? I have some evidence here on the bench that leads me to think that it's all about flow (amps) rather than potential (volts). A short circuit on a 5v power supply melted the insulation on and admittedly small-gauge wire.

    One part of my under-informed brain argues that circuit breakers would be rated in Watts if Ohm's law ruled in this case. Another part says "yes, it _IS_ rated in watts, in an oblique way, since glass fuses show a rating in Amps _and_ in volts."
  5. rjenkins

    rjenkins AAC Fanatic!

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    With small low-voltage fuses, current rating is the only important figure.

    The fuse should be rated higher than the maximum load current, but significantly lower than the wiring feeding the circuit.

    With higher voltage circuits (anything above eg. 50V), the voltage and surge or break current ratings of the fuse are important. If it's for use on 110V / 240V & upwards mains supplies, fuses should be 'HRC' type (High Rupture Current) and the ratings are ultra critical, but off topic for this board.

    The voltage rating on a fuse is the maximum circuit voltage it can be used on to avoid hazardous situations.

    Any time a circuit is broken (including by a fusewire breaking), an arc can form.
    The arc can sustain current, but also drops considerable voltage; current x voltage is power - the fuse could be dissipating hundreds or thousands of watts for a short time, and if not properly rated, could explode or short out.

    This is why HRC fuses are filled with silica or some other powder, to help quench the arc quickly. Low voltage fuses can be simpler as the 12V on a car circuit is just not high enough to maintain an arc over the length of the fuse.
  6. Von

    Von Active Member

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    Also,

    Place the fuse as close to the power source as possible to protect ALL of the new/added wiring.

    If you are adding auxillary auto lighting and tapping off of the battery for example, place the fuse within a foot or so or as close as is easily accessable.
  7. Kamala

    Kamala New Member

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    The voltage rating of a fuse is more of a physical rating than an electrical one. It is a maximum value that should not be exceeded and has to do with the distance between the terminals and the dielectric properties of the materials used in its construction. If the magnitude of potential is too high, arcing may occur allowing current to flow around the fusible element, thereby compromising the efficacy of the device.

    rjenkins said it better.

    K
  8. macmarty15221

    macmarty15221 New Member

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    Thanks, everyone! Much clearer now.

    ... and I remember seeing a demonstration of "put the fuse as close to power as possible in order to protect the wiring". I was working in a steel mill during construction. Arc welding cables going everywhere. One day a crane set some heavy steel item down on a cable by accident. ZING! The insulation burned open along its entire length, easily 100 feet back to the welder power unit. Glad I was not there at the moment it happened, that must have generate Magic Smoke (and smell) in industrial quantities.
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