RC Charging circuit; Finding Charge and Discharge Times

Discussion in 'Homework Help' started by ehelms, Apr 27, 2011.

  1. ehelms

    Thread Starter New Member

    Apr 27, 2011
    4
    0
    A 16 V battery, a resistor with R = 10^6Ω and a 6-μF capacitor are connected in series with a switch. Find the time taken for the capacitor;
    a)To charge to a voltage value of 12V
    b)Time to discharge to a value to 7V, after it has fully charged to 16V

    To start this problem I figure I need to find the Time constant T=RC, which is 10^6Ω*6μF =6e^6s.

    Now I am stuck on how to find the charging and discharging times. If someone could point me in the right direction I would be greatly appreciated. I think I have to use the formula Vc = V(1 - e-t/RC) , but Im not sure how to do this. I assume for part a I plug in the 12V value somewhere, but Im not sure where.

    Any suggestions?
     
  2. dcarson7

    New Member

    Apr 28, 2011
    7
    1
  3. t_n_k

    AAC Fanatic!

    Mar 6, 2009
    5,448
    782
    For the charging part of the question you would use ....

    Vc = V(1 - e-t/RC)

    assuming the initial voltage is 0V.

    Here you would substitute Vc=12 and V=16 then solve for t.

    The capacitor voltage discharge through R would take the form ....

    Vc=V*e-t/RC

    Where Vc=7 and V=16 and again solving for t
     
  4. ehelms

    Thread Starter New Member

    Apr 27, 2011
    4
    0
    So was my time constant correct? According to the other post I had it wrong, but I think that I might be confused on what a charging circuit is. I will do the calculations using mine, but if you could clarify that I would be very grateful.
     
  5. t_n_k

    AAC Fanatic!

    Mar 6, 2009
    5,448
    782
    Hi ehelms, dcarson7 has time constant correct at 60sec.

    You just have to keep powers of 10 in mind. A quick mental shortcut is

    [X uF*Y MΩ]==[XY seconds]
     
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