Power supply transformer size differences, linear

Discussion in 'The Projects Forum' started by smokingwheels, Aug 20, 2011.

  1. smokingwheels

    Thread Starter New Member

    Aug 20, 2011
    4
    1
    I can remember from my training some 20 years ago that the transform size in a power supply depends on the configuration.
    A certain size one for a full wave rectifier no center tap.

    The question is can you reduce the transformer size if its a half wave center tapped ?

    I seem to remember something about each half of the transformer supplying the current half of the time.

    I just wanted to know if this is true?
     
  2. Hi-Z

    Member

    Jul 31, 2011
    157
    17
    Without knowing definitively, I should doubt there's any difference in transformer size whether you have conduction in a single secondary 100% of the time or have 2 secondaries which each conduct 50%. Actually, the additional bulk of the 2nd secondary will probably mean that, everything being equal, the transformer ends up being larger.

    I suppose there is an advantage in having a centre-tapped secondary, though: you save 2 rectifier diodes.
     
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  3. #12

    Expert

    Nov 30, 2010
    16,247
    6,744
    FWCT: Transformer secondary current must be rated at 1.2 times the DC current.
    FWB: Transformer secondary must be rated at 1.8 times the DC current, but the voltage is about half, so the wattage is less than what would be needed for a 2 diode FWCT.

    For instance, a FWCT transformer might have 24 volts end to end. Rated at 1 amp, the transformer can produce .833 amps at 17 volts minus one diode loss.

    A full wave bridge transformer rated at 12 volts, 1.5 amps, can produce .833 amps at 17V minus 2 diode losses. This 18 watt transformer produces the same current as the 24 watt FWCT transformer and misses the same voltage by one diode drop.
     
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