Power supply calculations by vead

Discussion in 'General Electronics Chat' started by bertus, Nov 26, 2011.

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  1. bertus

    Thread Starter Administrator

    Apr 5, 2008
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    Hello,

    I got this in an email from you:

    As I do NOT reply on emails, I post your question here.
    This way the others can reply too.

    If you search this forum, you will find a lot of examples.

    Bertus
     
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  2. vead

    Active Member

    Nov 24, 2011
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    sir i want buil power supply circuit with help of fomula but i can not deside what is the right value of componet for example
    what is voltage rating of transformer, diode and other component plz help
     
  3. RRITESH KAKKAR

    Senior Member

    Jun 29, 2010
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    Wasting time in mails and PM you can get solution by searching for Rectifiers......

    OK, as you want to convert AC in DC for this the device is called rectifier..
    they are of two types:-
    1. Switching regulators ( difficult to build)
    2. Linear regulators ( easy to build)

    Let start with linear....
    step to members will building...
    1.voltage rating you need at output side...??
    2. current rating...??

    If you want a 12V DC and .8mA supply probably...
    so, buy a transformer of 12-0 or 12-0-12V of 500mA.
    diode 1N4007 which can supply 1A max. at peak reverse voltage of 1,000V.
    and a capacitor depends on load rating.
    you take it of 22,00uF will work perfect, voltage rating of C should be higher than 20V (at least)

    here are some schematic you should try first then use a regulators.
     
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  4. vead

    Active Member

    Nov 24, 2011
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    but i want design schematic first and build prectical so i need formula to calculations for component rating
    - how can find working voltage of diode transformer capactior-
    if i know i/p 230vac o/p 12vdc and 20ohms load
     
  5. RRITESH KAKKAR

    Senior Member

    Jun 29, 2010
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    The ideal principle of transformer:-
    Power input = Power output
    So, Power = V*I or V^2/R or I^2*R

    we will use V*I

    Vi/p*Ii/p = Vo/p*Io/p
    as Vi/p = 220V
    let Vo/p = 12V
    we require Io/p = 500mA
    so, 220/12=500mA/Ii/p

    we get input current Ii/p = 27mA
    we don't want to go in these equation will designing....
    For finding the value of filter capacitor you need to know load current and ripple voltage, i would say no need to go in this right now....
    so, here is the data sheet of 1N4007 which speal every thing about this diode.

    The current on 20ohm will depent on rating of transformer and diode....
    so if you will connect this 20ohms load to different rectifiers the load current would not be same.
     
    Last edited: Nov 27, 2011
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  6. vead

    Active Member

    Nov 24, 2011
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    if i design circuit transformer+rectifier+capactior+regulatior+load then how can i find total resistance of circuit what concept i learn to need
     
  7. RRITESH KAKKAR

    Senior Member

    Jun 29, 2010
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    Why you want to calculate the resistance of circuit..........??
    this is no like hybrid parameter of transistor, take it easy first learn basic they move to comple part.....
     
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  8. R!f@@

    AAC Fanatic!

    Apr 2, 2009
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    Pritesh, u r getting to be quite good at this..eh!.

    I guess we'll leave this thread to u to complete. but we will be watching to see if you might need assistance.
     
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  9. vead

    Active Member

    Nov 24, 2011
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    thanks sir for your responce i read about electronics component and their formulas in books but i want to built circuit i really confused how can apply the formulas
    if i know input-230vac, o/p-12vdc, load 20 ohms and o/p current 2amp
    transformer+bridge+capactior+regulatior ic+capactior+load
    how to chooes diode,transformer, capactior,ic for supply
    and working voltage and current for component i want basic concept to build every supply plz suggest me and thanks again........
     
  10. Wendy

    Moderator

    Mar 24, 2008
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