Output depending on impedances

Discussion in 'General Electronics Chat' started by orwikcons, May 14, 2008.

  1. orwikcons

    Thread Starter Member

    May 2, 2008
    22
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    Greetings!

    A circuit with 2 inputs and 2 outputs. Inputs are (-), but with impendances, R1 and R2 (0 - 1000 Ohms). When R1 > R2, then +12V goes to Output1, and when R1<R2 then +12V goes to Output2. Circuit works on 12V (in car)
     
  2. mik3

    Senior Member

    Feb 4, 2008
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    Its just a comparator circuit using an op-amp, i guess:)
     
  3. Caveman

    Active Member

    Apr 15, 2008
    471
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    Or it could be a comparator circuit using a comparator.
     
  4. SgtWookie

    Expert

    Jul 17, 2007
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    Something like the attached circuit. R1 and R2 represent the thermistors, set at slightly different values.

    It's simplified. There is no hysterisis provided, so when the two resistors are about equal, the outputs would likely toggle back and fourth.

    Also, there is no adjustment; R3 or R4 should be a trimmer.
     
    Last edited: May 14, 2008
  5. orwikcons

    Thread Starter Member

    May 2, 2008
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    What are the names of components U1 LM111, and Q1 2N222? Is the first comparator, and the second transistor?
     
  6. mik3

    Senior Member

    Feb 4, 2008
    4,846
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    yes you are right
     
  7. orwikcons

    Thread Starter Member

    May 2, 2008
    22
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    Thank you very much, I'll try it...
     
  8. SgtWookie

    Expert

    Jul 17, 2007
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    If you're actually going to build it using an LM111/211/311, you'll also need a pull-up resistor on the output to +12v of around 2k Ohms, you should short the compensation pins together to reduce the probability of unwanted oscillations, add a 2MEG resistor from the output to the + input (adds hysteresis), and you'll also need to put some 100 Ohm precision resistors on the ground side of your thermistors, because the LM111/211/311 does not have rail-to-rail inputs.

    Something like Texas Instrument's TLV7211 would be a much better comparator to use:
    1) It's CMOS, and has far lower input current. This would enable you to increase R3 and R4 to 10k save on power consumed.
    2) Being CMOS, it uses less current internally than the 111/211/311. This will save fuel.
    3) It has push-pull outputs, so you would not need a pull-up resistor.
    4) It has rail-to-rail inputs and outputs. You would not need the 100 Ohm precision resistors on the ground side of the thermistors.
    5) No compensation pins to worry about.
    This device is not available in a DIP, however - it's an SMT package. You would need to make a PCB in order to use it.

    If you don't wish to manufacture a PCB, you could instead use a TLC372, which is a dual CMOS comparator that IS available in a DIP package. You will need to use a pull-up resistor on the output of this IC, but other advantages are similar to the TLV7211.
     
    Last edited: May 16, 2008
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