My transmitter works!

Discussion in 'Wireless & RF Design' started by powzoom, Jan 21, 2009.

  1. powzoom

    Thread Starter Active Member

    Jan 18, 2009
    41
    0
    Well I'm glad to say that I just built my first AM transmitter and it actually worked. If only for about 6 inches away... but it's not finished yet.

    2 questions:

    Does it make a difference if I use the tiny variable capacitors that you turn with a mini screw driver or if I used a larger one with plates that I see in all the transmitter pictures?

    Also, where can I learn how to make a proper antenna? I've heard loop antennas are good but how do I go about making one and attaching it to my circuit?
     
  2. KL7AJ

    AAC Fanatic!

    Nov 4, 2008
    2,039
    287

    For the minuscule power levels you're using, the "trimmer" capacitors are just fine. If you start getting up to the 100 Watt level, you'll want some "bread slicer" capacitors.

    The antenna you'll need depends on the frequency you're using. Need a few more details to answer that one!

    eric
     
  3. powzoom

    Thread Starter Active Member

    Jan 18, 2009
    41
    0
    It's an AM transmitter from 500 - 1000 KHz or so.

    Also, what factor determines the distance that the radio can be heard? Voltage, Current, or Power? My output right now is about 1Vpp. Current in nanoamps I think but don't have an accurate measurement for that. I'm running it off a 9V so I cant see the voltage going more than 3or4Vpp but I can probably up the current.
     
  4. KL7AJ

    AAC Fanatic!

    Nov 4, 2008
    2,039
    287
    Effective radiated power, distance, and receiver sensitivity
     
  5. Audioguru

    New Member

    Dec 20, 2007
    9,411
    896
    The antenna on an AM radio station (1MHz) is about the size of a football stadium.
    The antenna on an fM radio station (100mHz) is about the size of a refrigerator.

    Your frequency is very low so the antenna must be very long for good efficiency.
     
  6. Wendy

    Moderator

    Mar 24, 2008
    20,765
    2,535
    In the USA there is a maximum length for unlicensed radios of 10 feet, no more.

    Antenna efficiency is a function of wavelength, or transmitter frequency. A resonant antenna in the FM band is around 4-5 feet.
     
  7. KL7AJ

    AAC Fanatic!

    Nov 4, 2008
    2,039
    287
     
  8. KL7AJ

    AAC Fanatic!

    Nov 4, 2008
    2,039
    287
     
  9. italo

    New Member

    Nov 20, 2005
    205
    1
    The lengt of the antenna for low frequency is LONG. However if you cut it to the right lenght you may get an additional benefit. Like all antenna at some lenght no matter at what power the the emission is zero just like 120 at some point the power is zero. keep that in mind when cutting the lenght.
     
Loading...