LED Driver

Discussion in 'General Electronics Chat' started by RodneyB, Aug 19, 2014.

  1. RodneyB

    Thread Starter Active Member

    Apr 28, 2012
    633
    13
    I am trying to learn how to work out what LED driver to use and how to connect the LED's

    I want to connect 50 LED's for example to a 12 Volt supply. The LED's have the following specifications

    Vf = 2.2V
    Vi = 25mA

    In the past I would have used the LED calculator found at http://led.linear1.org/led.wiz

    Using the above details This calcuator shows 5 LED's in Series with a 47 Ohm resistor and 10 of these arrays in Series.

    I would like to be able to calculate this myself and in turn use a driver which from what I read is more suitable method.

    Any assistance will be apprecieated.
     
  2. MikeML

    AAC Fanatic!

    Oct 2, 2009
    5,450
    1,066
    If driving 25mA LEDs, the parallel strings of 5 LEDs in series with resistors is the best way to go.

    To use a proper constant-current driver made expressly for LEDs, you would have to look connecting all 50 LEDs in series, and then finding/building a driver with an open-circuit voltage greater than 1.1* 50*2.2V >= 121V.

    If you split the strings in two strings, you would need two drivers, each with an open circuit voltage greater than 60V.
     
  3. ScottWang

    Moderator

    Aug 23, 2012
    4,855
    767
    considering the LED life and brightness, you just using 80% of 25mA, that is equal to 20mA, and the limiting resistor is 56Ω.
     
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