# Input Power Conditioning (Clamp)

Discussion in 'The Projects Forum' started by ChateauduChillon, Dec 18, 2014.

1. ### ChateauduChillon Thread Starter New Member

Jan 28, 2014
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0
Hi all,

I need system to condition an incoming Vcc line to deliver ~250mA current when Vin > 7V, with the following voltage transfer characteristics:

for 0V < Vin < 7V : Vout < or = Vin

for 7V < Vin < 8.5V : Vout = Vin (say within 20mV)

for 8.5V < Vin < (10-14)V : Vin < Vout < 14V

for (10-14) < Vin < 28 V : Vout = 12V

First simple design I sketched of doesn't seem viable:

Second design may work, but seems more hokey than necessary and I'm not sure how to look for a correct switch as I'm not too familiar with power switches:

Here I have the Vcc incoming line switched vs the output of a 28V capable switching regulator set to output a fixed 12V, starting up via some startup circuitry e.g. res divider to EN pin.

Switch control comes from a 28V capable comparator which should trip at some point (e.g. 10-14V is OK) which should be accomplished by choosing R1, R2, R3, and Vz appropriately.

Thoughts on the second design? Switch recommendations? I am somewhat space constrained. Below are my thoughts. Am I missing a simple solution?

Thanks,

Chateau

2. ### ronv AAC Fanatic!

Nov 12, 2008
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If I read it right you want Vout to equal Vin up to 12 volts and then Vout to remain at 12 volts. Is that correct? At what voltage do you need to deliver 250 ma,? All of them or just at 12 volts.

3. ### ChateauduChillon Thread Starter New Member

Jan 28, 2014
24
0
That would be a sort of the ideal case.

We would need to deliver 250mA anytime Vin > 7V.

4. ### ronv AAC Fanatic!

Nov 12, 2008
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Usually voltage regulators are used for this. But Vout will be a few volts lower than Vin until it reaches 12 volts. Would that work?
Maybe tell us what you are trying to do instead of specing it.

5. ### ChateauduChillon Thread Starter New Member

Jan 28, 2014
24
0
Unfortunately it wouldn't I am just interfacing with an existing system and these are the specs I need to hit. Do you have any feedback on my proposed design?

6. ### ronv AAC Fanatic!

Nov 12, 2008
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OK. Well that kind of forces you to the shunt regulator like your first picture. The problem is it wastes a lot of power so it is big.
Your second picture Vout does not track Vin, it just turns on when Vin reaches 12 volts.
Here is a sim of what I was thinking.
Let me think if there is an easy way around the problem.
Is there always a fixed load?

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7. ### #12 Expert

Nov 30, 2010
16,703
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The LT1084 will deliver almost a volt less than the input voltage. O.P. requested tracking to 0.02 volts.
This circuit will do that job, but it also illustrates how difficult the request is.

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8. ### ronv AAC Fanatic!

Nov 12, 2008
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Yes, so it needs some sort of switching arrangement.
It looks like below 7 volts is kind of a don't care. Above 7 volts Vout = Vin so a fet switch feeding a shunt regulator might get us up to say 12.5 volts, then switch to a very low drop out regulator and turn the shunt off. Pretty complicated, but maybe possible.

9. ### #12 Expert

Nov 30, 2010
16,703
7,338
Don't forget, post #1, "I am somewhat space constrained".
I want 0.16% precision, multiple switch points, and it must be rather small.

10. ### ChateauduChillon Thread Starter New Member

Jan 28, 2014
24
0

Sorry I meant 2nd design, 3rd picture. I am proposing switching between Vin and a regulated version of Vin, Vout will definitely track Vin until the switch connects Vout to the regulated output.

Right, I did not suggest LDO as a design option because I know that an LDO is not going to work. Hence, my more complicated suggestion in the 3rd picture.

This is similar to what my third picture is proposing.

Why couldn't the circuit in my 3rd picture accomplish this is I guess what I'm asking.

11. ### ronv AAC Fanatic!

Nov 12, 2008
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Ahh, I see there is a second supply.
Something like this?
It is off by about 50mv right around 12 volts because the knee of the reference is not perfect.

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