I am stuck on this question, that asks me the following : If R2 is short circuited , the amps in R3 is : ? Here is what i did : I redrew circuit without R2. So it becomes a series circuit R1in series with R3 added the resistance. r1 + r3 so 40 +10 = 50 Found the amps so 30v/50 ohm = 0.6 amps so 0.6 amps times R1 =6 volts on R1 and 30-6 is 24 volts on R3 Since this becomes a series circuit it should be the same current. What am i doing wrong ?
Review what it means for something to be short-circuited. Does removing it from the circuit satisfy that meaning?
from what i am reading ,short circuit on R2 automatically makes R3 0 ohms as well. So pratically removing R3 from circuit. So 30v/0 ohms is 0 amps did i get that right ?
Automatically makes R3 = 0 Ω? I don't understand that, do you? If R2 is shorted, what is the voltage across R2? R3?
Yes, since shorting R2 also shorts R3. But you need to be careful about saying that it "removes" them from the circuit, since that is basically the mistake you made originally. They are replaced by a wire (the short circuit). How do you get that 30 V / 0 is 0 amps? What would 30 V / 0.1 Ω be? How about 30 V / 0.000001 Ω? Does that jive with 30 V / 0 Ω being 0 A?
The voltage across R3 is 30 volts. As if there is a short on R2 , then there is a short on R3 So to find amps in R3 would be 30 v / 0 ohms as no resistance just a straight wire . Voltage at R3 is 30 volts ?
Correct. So how much current is flowing in R3? For extra credit, how much current is flowing in the short?
As Jony130 already mentioned, consider the case when instead of a dead short (0 Ω) it is just a very low valued resistance such as 1 Ω, or 0.1 Ω, or 0.001 Ω. Another way to come at it is to ask how much voltage is across R1 and, as a result, how much current is flowing in R1. Where does that current go? How does it get over to the other side (which, presumably, is at 0 V)?
So since it would be only 1 resistor left as the other 2 become short circuited would it be 3 amps . Voltage on R1 30 volts If not i am really lost now