# DC into a bridge rectifier

Discussion in 'General Electronics Chat' started by vonsworld, Jul 12, 2015.

1. ### vonsworld Thread Starter Member

Apr 27, 2011
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0
Hello

I have a point switching circuit for a model railway and according to the data sheet it requires an input of 15v AC. However looking at the circuit diagram this AC is passed straight away into a bridge rectifier so the rest of the circuit basically runs on DC.

I only have a 15v DC PSU available and so can I connect this instead, I am assuming that the DC will pass straight through the rectifier? Also does it matter how I connect the polarity of the DC PSU to the circuit, will the circuit side of the rectifier still output +ve and ground to the circuit as required?

2. ### Lestraveled Well-Known Member

May 19, 2014
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Yes, you can put DC into a bridge rectifier. You don't have to worry about polarity, the bridge will route the voltage for you. You will loose about 1.4 volts through the bridge.

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3. ### paulktreg Distinguished Member

Jun 2, 2008
612
120
Also bear in mind that 15VAC through a bridge rectifier will give approx 21VDC so 15VDC may not be enough?

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4. ### vonsworld Thread Starter Member

Apr 27, 2011
24
0

Thanks for your fast reply, just out of interest, if you applied 15v AC to the rectifier would you get 15v DC at the other side without a voltage drop?

5. ### paulktreg Distinguished Member

Jun 2, 2008
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120
No you'd get approx 15 x 1.414 = 21VDC.

6. ### GopherT AAC Fanatic!

Nov 23, 2012
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@vonworlds
More correctly, you will get a signal that is a series of humps with PEAKs of 15 x 1.414 = 21 VDC and valleys going to zero.
If you have capacitors on the DC side of the rectifier, the humps will be flattened to some degree. If current draw is small and capacitors are large, then you will have a very flat DC supply at 21 volts DC. Likely, with a capacitor, you will have something between the two extremes. With no capacitor, you will see the repeating camel humps (essentially the negative of the AC signal flipped up to the positive side of the voltage axis.

7. ### crutschow Expert

Mar 14, 2008
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3,245
The output voltage from the bridge with an AC input depends upon any filtering at the output as GopherT noted.
Is there a capacitor at the output of the bridge?

8. ### AnalogKid Distinguished Member

Aug 1, 2013
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And those pesky diode voltage drops...