Circuit: solar panel + battery to power LED light

Discussion in 'The Projects Forum' started by Rasťo Masaryk, Jan 27, 2016.

  1. Rasťo Masaryk

    Thread Starter New Member

    Jan 27, 2016
    3
    1
    Hi, I have built this simple circuit http://imgur.com/is8HOqd The LED light (tiny 5-7V light) in this circuit should always be on. It is powered by solar panel and battery. During day the solar panel alone can light the led and during night it is powered from battery. Is my solar panel able to charge the battery and not overcharge it? Do I need to use protection circuit? Battery -> two big 3.7V 8000mAh Li-Ion batteries connected in series. I do not need to charge the battery to top capacity from the panel. I am assuming that the panel won't be able to charge the battery above 6V (3V each battery) (this is ok for me). Do you think that it is ok to leave it as it is or is there any danger that batteries will be damaged or will explode?

    is8HOqd.png
     
  2. ErnieM

    AAC Fanatic!

    Apr 24, 2011
    7,386
    1,605
    LI-ion batteries should not ever never be overcharged, so they are the wrong choice for this application. Ni cads work very well this way, you will find those in every garden light you open.

    7.4 volts is way too much voltage for the led, it will kill it in an instant.

    A 6 volt panel will not charge a 7.4 volt battery.

    Let's start at the led: what is it, what voltage and current does I need?
     
  3. Bernard

    AAC Fanatic!

    Aug 7, 2008
    4,172
    397
    The open circuit V of the panel should be 9 to 12 V, & short circuit current should be 3 to 4 times LED current.
    LED should have a current limiting resistor in series.
    There are IC's available to monitor Li ion batteries.
     
  4. Rasťo Masaryk

    Thread Starter New Member

    Jan 27, 2016
    3
    1
    Hi thx for help :) The circuit is already built and seems to be working. The LED light is shining for about 2 weeks now, but I am not sure if the batteries are charging. As I said, batteries are quite big 3.7V cells and there is practically no load on them, just the light. They alone should be able to power the light for a few months. I assumed that keeping the batteries charged to 3V should do the trick like they would still be able to power the led for a few days and I wouldn't have to worry about overcharging.

    Btw led light I used
    http://www.ebay.com/itm/321121600468?_trksid=p2060353.m2749.l2649&ssPageName=STRK:MEBIDX:IT
     
  5. Dodgydave

    Distinguished Member

    Jun 22, 2012
    4,979
    744
    A 6V solar panel won't charge a 7.4V battery, you will need two 6v panels in series.
     
  6. wayneh

    Expert

    Sep 9, 2010
    12,103
    3,038
    Especially true when you consider the drop across the blocking diode. The SOC of the battery might not ever get above 25%.
     
  7. Rasťo Masaryk

    Thread Starter New Member

    Jan 27, 2016
    3
    1
    Thx guys, I ordered 5 pieces of 1.2V NiCd batteries and I'll use those as suggested.
     
    wayneh likes this.
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