Capacitor-Energized Solenoid Valve project

Discussion in 'The Projects Forum' started by mechtech01, Mar 11, 2016.

  1. mechtech01

    Thread Starter New Member

    Aug 5, 2015
    7
    0
    Greetings all!

    I'd like to invite comment, criticism, and recommendations on a small circuit project.

    I haven't calculated values for many of the components at this time, in case major revisions are necessary.
    Also, I apologize if the schematic doesn't conform to standards. I welcome any suggested improvements.

    The concept: L1 is a 12v solenoid (part of a water valve) and will energized briefly (60 ms) with the power stored in a bank of capacitors (C5,C6,C7,C8). Charge sufficient for multiple discharges desired. 5V from Arduino pin 2 will be the trigger. Push button is pressed and held to energize capacitors. Voltage levels indicated by D3,D5,D8,D10.

    Features: 2.1mm jack (J1) receives plug from a 9v, 1amp AC power adapter.
    Voltage boosted by NJM2360D http://www.njr.com/semicon/PDF/NJM2360_E.pdf.
    MOSFET Q1 is IRLZ24N http://www.irf.com/product-info/datasheets/data/irlz24npbf.pdf
    Optocoupler V01, have not made a selection but looking at candidates.

    Screen Shot 03-11-16 at 11.52 AM.PNG

    I'm considering starting detailed work on the values.
    Should I go back to drawing board, or can you suggest some modifications?

    All comments, words of wisdom, and guidance welcome.
    Many thanks.
     
  2. Alec_t

    AAC Fanatic!

    Sep 17, 2013
    5,797
    1,103
    Welcome to AAC!
    You'll need a pull-down resistor on the FET gate, otherwise it will stay on for ages.
    D13 seems redundant.
    Depending on the solenoid, you may be surprised how much capacitance you need to energise it.
     
  3. mechtech01

    Thread Starter New Member

    Aug 5, 2015
    7
    0
    Thank you much for a kind welcome, sir.

    Would R9 qualify as a pull-down resistor?

    I agree with you on the need for a lot of capacitance. That's why I was thinking a bank.
    Four was just a guess at the quantity. Maybe more would be advisable. To allow for utilizing smaller capacitors.

    Given the discharge characteristics of capacitors, I'm guessing sizing will be no mean feat. The idea is to be able to energize the solenoid multiple times.

    I plan to overpower the solenoid to 18V or higher.

    I agree with you on D13; not sure why I thought it would be necessary.
     
  4. MaxHeadRoom

    Expert

    Jul 18, 2013
    10,542
    2,369
    Depending on how fast you want to re-energize, the D1 is going to slow the release, time dependent on energy stored.
    Max.
     
  5. mechtech01

    Thread Starter New Member

    Aug 5, 2015
    7
    0
    Thank you, sir.

    D1 is intended to be the primary protection for the MOSFET.

    What guidance would you offer in specifying D1?

    Aside from the voltage, what type? schottky?)
    Recovery time?


    Really, any suggestions regarding suitable choices for the components would be welcome, including the MOSFET and the optocoupler.

    And I'm may need some help determining values for the components of the voltage boost circuit.

    Thank you again.
     
    Last edited: Mar 11, 2016
  6. MaxHeadRoom

    Expert

    Jul 18, 2013
    10,542
    2,369
    I would feed and test the solenoid and diode direct from a P.S. and check to see if there is any appreciable drop out delay, I use mainly 1n4007 as these cover quite a few eventualities up to a certain power .
    A 1k resistor from Mosfet gate to common would be a suitable value. R9 is usually around 10R.
    Max.
     
  7. Alec_t

    AAC Fanatic!

    Sep 17, 2013
    5,797
    1,103
    No, it only provides pull-up. You need a resistor (say 10k-47k, depending on the switching speed used) between gate and source (ground).
     
  8. bertus

    Administrator

    Apr 5, 2008
    15,648
    2,346
    Hello,

    Basicaly, the resistors 3 and 8 are in series, you can add the values and replace them with this value.
    Also the resistors 4 and 9 are in series, you can add the values and replace them with this value.

    Bertus
     
  9. mechtech01

    Thread Starter New Member

    Aug 5, 2015
    7
    0
    Thank you, sir!

    I've added R15. I hope it reflects the intent your suggestion. Screen Shot 03-11-16 at 01.40 PM.PNG
     
    Last edited: Mar 11, 2016
  10. mechtech01

    Thread Starter New Member

    Aug 5, 2015
    7
    0
    Has be rectified, sir. Thank you! Screen Shot 03-11-16 at 01.45 PM.PNG
     
  11. mechtech01

    Thread Starter New Member

    Aug 5, 2015
    7
    0
    By way of introduction, my education and experience is in Mech Eng Technology.
    Thank you all for your patient replies.
     
  12. mechtech01

    Thread Starter New Member

    Aug 5, 2015
    7
    0
    I'm considering different methods for increasing the voltage from the adapter.
    I'm attaching some information for the NJM2360. Wondering if there is a simpler approach? Screen Shot 03-14-16 at 12.17 PM 001.PNG Screen Shot 03-14-16 at 12.17 PM.PNG Screen Shot 03-14-16 at 12.15 PM.PNG

    Any suggestions would be welcome.
     
Loading...