# Boost converter transfer function with non-ideal components

Discussion in 'Homework Help' started by J_Rod, Mar 1, 2016.

1. ### J_Rod Thread Starter Member

Nov 4, 2014
109
6
Hi, I am stuck trying the derivation for a boost converter transfer function in continuous conduction, open-loop operation mode to find Vout/Vin with non-ideal components, that is, a Rsw, the MOSFET switch on-state resistance, ESR, an equivalent series resistance with the capacitor, RD, the on-state resistance of the diode, and RL, the inductor's resistance.

When the switch is ON:
$L \frac{di_L}{dt} = V_{in} -i_L (R_L +R_{DS,ON})$

$C \frac{dV_C}{dt} = \frac{-V_{out}}{R + ESR}$

$C \frac{dV_C}{dt} = \frac{V_C - V_{out}}{ESR}$

When the switch is off:
$L \frac{di_L}{dt} = V_{in} -V_{out} -i_L(R_L + R_D)$

$C \frac{dV_C}{dt} = i_L -\frac{V_{out}}{R +ESR}$

$V_C = V_{out} -i_CESR$

Then
$\Delta i_{Lon} + \Delta i_{Loff} = 0$

But to get $\Delta i_L$ terms I would have to integrate the equations with the inductor voltage, which both contain a term with $i_L$. How can that be done? Thanks.

2. ### wayneh Expert

Sep 9, 2010
12,391
3,246
Had diffy Q yet? I believe that's a first order differential equation. I'm pretty rusty on the terminology. It's been a long time but I believe almost any text on the subject will cover the solution.

3. ### J_Rod Thread Starter Member

Nov 4, 2014
109
6
That's how to solve for $i_L$, but I want to find the expression for $\Delta i_{Lon}$ to add to the expression for $\Delta i_{Loff}$ to sum to 0, and then rearrange to find $\frac {V_{out}}{V_{in}}$. Would it be incorrect to set $i_L = I_L$, the average value, on the right side of the equations, if I assume a small ripple?

4. ### wayneh Expert

Sep 9, 2010
12,391
3,246
Well if you have i as a function of time, can't you integrate to get ∆i ? (I'm just hoping that asking questions helps you see a solution. I haven't worked this out.)

5. ### anhnha Active Member

Apr 19, 2012
776
48
There are some principles you should use here to solve for the result:
1. Inductor volt-second balance
2. Capacitor charge balance
3. Small ripple approximation
Refer to this for detail.
With small ripple approximation, you can assume that Vout and iL are constant (and let's call it IL).
With #1 and #2, you have set of two equations and you can now solve for Vout and IL.
With small approximation, iL in the right hand side can be considered as a constant.
However, if you want an exact calculation, then I think it is much easier to use Laplace transform.